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ḲOHELET (ECCLESIASTES) RABBAH – ...text of Ecclesiastes is printed in italics):Specimens of Exegesis. "'I made me great works,' said Solomon; 'I made greater works than the works of my ...fathers'; as it is written, 'The king made a great throne of ivory' (I Kings x. 18). 'I builded me houses'; as it is written, 'It came to pass at the end of twenty years, when Solomon had built the two houses ...ib. ix. 10). 'I planted me vineyards'; as it is written, 'Solomon had a vineyard at Baal-hamon' (Cant. viii. 11). 'I made me gardens and orchards [lit. "paradises"], and I planted trees...
TOLEDO – ...congregation were kept in Arabic down to the end of the thirteenth century (Asher b. Jehiel, Responsa, No. 56; Solomon ben Adret, Responsa, iii. 427).Several Jewish authors who wrote in Arabic were born and ...refers to persecutions in Toledo in 1090 (responsum No. 217); and there was a massacre of the Jews in 1108, in which Solomon ibn Farissol was murdered (Rios, "Hist." i. 189, 297). The equality of the Jews with the ...probably supervised by the nasi, at that time Solomon ben Joseph ibn Shushan. In the same year papal authority also interfered with the affairs of the Toledo Jews, ordering them to pay tithes on houses bought by them...
TRANSLATIONS – ...eclipses ("Ma'amar 'al Libbot Liḳḳut ha-Me'orot"). A translation of Galen's commentary on Hippocrates' work "On Airs, Waters, and Places," begun by Nathan, was completed in 1299 by his son Solomon, whose son Samuel in ...Averroes' Middle Commentary on "De Anima"; Razi's "Al-Manṣuri"; Zahrawi's "Al-Taṣrif."Solomon ibn Ayyub: Averroes' "De Cœlo et Mundo"; Avicenna's "Arjuza"; Ibn Janaḥ's "Kitab al-Taswiyah"; Maimonides' "Kitab ...al-Fara'iḍ."Solomon ibn Ya'aḳub: Maimonides' commentary on Neziḳin.A great number of Arabic works on mathematics, medicine, astronomy, and philosophy, especially by Averroes, were...
ALBERTUS MAGNUS – ...Metaphysica," xiii. quæstio 76; ed. Leyden, iii. 375).Albertus Magnus devoted special study to the "Fons Vitæ" of solomon-ibn-gabirol">Avicebron (Solomon ibn Gabirol). In a ...he shows this by calling Solomon ibn Gabirol the only philosopher who represents the first principle as acting through an individual will (ib. p. 549). The strange impression which the doctrine, as...
ANT IN JEWISH LITERATURE, THE – ...King Solomon with the ants, in which the wise king was outwitted by the cunning little animals (compare "Ma'aseh ha-Nemalah," in Jellinek's "B. H." vol. v., Vienna, 1873; German part, pp. 11 et seq.; Hebrew ...the sagacity and resourcefulness of the Ant, and derives from Prov. xxx. 25 an admonition to humility.Joshua ben Shuoi, a disciple of Solomon ben Adret, in his "Derashot" to Deut. xvi. 8 to xxi. 9, points ...Gershon ben Solomon, father of the exegete Levi ben Gershon, in his work "Sha'ar ha-Shamayim." The Ant, he says, gathers its wheat in the harvest, biting off the germs of the grains in order to prevent them from...
ARLES – ...According to Benjamin of Tudela, the Jewish community of Arles counted at the second half of the twelfth century about 200 families. At theirhead were six rabbis: Moses, Tobias, Isaiah, Solomon, Abba Mari ...son Kalonymus, Isaac ben Jacob Cohen, Gerson ben Solomon (thirteenth century); Levi ben Abraham, who took part in the religious controversy of 1303-1306; Joseph Kaspi, Kalonymus ben Kalonymus, Don Comprad of ...Arles, Kalonymus ben David ben Todros, Isaac ben Joseph ḲimḦi, TanḦum ben Moses (fourteenth century); Nathan ben Nehemia Kaspi, Isaac Nathan ben Kalonymus ben Judah ben Solomon (fifteenth century).The...
BOOK-TRADE – ...the Hebrew book-trade from the middle of the seventeenth century to the beginning of the nineteenth. The name of Solomon ben Joseph Proops appeared on Hebrew books with the description V03p314002 ...were: Isaac and Seligmann Reis, Joseph Trier Cohen, Simon Trier, and Solomon Hanau; in the eighteenth, Solomon ben Raphael London, Elijah ben Azriel of Wilna, Löb Schnapper, Simon Wolf ben Abraham Mainz, David ben...
CONEGLIANO – ...common enemy, Turkey. This he did, though at the imminent risk of his life, sending the reports through his brother Solomon, then a practising physician in Venice. On the death of his first wife in 1687, Conegliano ...subheadinglevel1" name="anchor6">Solomon Conegliano: Venetian physician; born about 1642; died in 1719. Conegliano was the elder brother of Israel Conegliano, and, like him, served the Venetian republic with great ...Solomon as one of the greatest physicians and philosophers of his time, was one ofhis pupils. A poem by him was prefixed to Cohn's encyclopedia. So eminent were his qualifications, both as teacher and as practitioner...
FREEMASONRY – ...Temple by Solomon. So far does this tendency go that G. Oliver, in his "Antiquities of Freemasonry" (London, 1823), attempts to show that Moses was a grand master. One of the higher grades of the order is connected ...himself was raised to heaven like Enoch (Pesiḳ. R. vi. 25a, ed. Friedmann). In the early stages of freemasonry, however, nothing was said of Solomon (Fort, "Early History and Antiquities of Freemasonry," p. 181 ...of Babel; twentleth degree of the Scottish Rite).Pentalpha (see Solomon's Seal).Rabbanaim.Rabboni.Sabbaoth.Sanhedrin.Seal of Solomon.Sephiroth.
SAFED – ...ayyim Mizraḥi (c. 1846), Raphael Maman (c. 1870), Manasseh Sethon (c. 1874), Samuel Abbo (1874-79; also consular agent of France for thirty-three years), Solomon Hazan (1888), Joseph Ḥakim ...Ashkenazi, Jacob Berab, Joseph Caro, Joseph Benveniste, Elisha Gallico, Elijah de Vidas, Moses Galante the Elder, Ḥayyim Vital, Abraham b. Solomon Treves Ẓarfati, Moses Alshech, Eleazar Azikri, Joshua ben Nun, Abraham ...Eleazar of Brody, Israel of Wilna, Abraham Dob Beer, Samuel Heller, Solomon Hazan, Isaac Vita, Raphael Maman, and Manasseh Sethon.Repeated catastrophes have destroyed almost all the antiquities of Safed. Of...
MINZ – ...Minz (Minzi) was a rabbi in Germany. The name "Minz," however, appears to have been borne by others in Italy who were not related to Judah Minz; for Joseph Colon (Responsa, No. 2) speaks of Joshua and Solomon ...Elijah Delmedigo he was supported by Elijah Mizraḥi (comp. Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, "Maẓref la-Ḥokmah," p. 3b; idem, "Elim," p. 29; Mizraḥi, Responsa, No. 56). It appears from Solomon Luria's responsa (No. 6...
MOSER – ...chosen path. His own family wished to get rid of him, and insisted on his being prosecuted. Rabbi Jonah of Gerona (nephew of Jonah b. Abraham Gerondi) and Solomon ben Adret of Barcelona, because of the insistence of ...the Monjuich, the Jewish cemetery in Barcelona, the arteries of both arms being opened (Solomon ben Adret's Responsa in "J. Q. R." viii. 228).Asher ben Jehiel pronounced the death-penalty upon an unknown ...Gesch. der Juden und des Judenthums," iv. 307). In northern Africa, as in Castile, the law was visited upon informers in all its severity. Simon ben Ẓemaḥ Duran and his son Solomon passed sentence of death...
MAGGID – ...troubled and oppressed Jewry. Asher Lemmlein preached in Germany and Austria, announcing the coming of the Messiah in 1502, and found credence everywhere. Solomon Molko preached, without declaring the date of the advent, in both Italy and Turkey, and as a result was burned at the stake in Mantua in 1533. R. Höschel of Cracow (d. 1663 ...Elijah b. Solomon Abraham of Smyrna, in the beginning of the eighteenth century, published his "Shebeṭ Musar," which he divided into fifty-two chapters, one for each week. This book caused him to be known...
THEODORE OF MOPSUESTIA – ...he thought, might be interpreted typically in so far as Solomon, like Jesus, was a prince of peace. For seventeen psalms he offers no historical explanation, while he holds that references to David and his time ...applicable to Jesus was, in his view, evidence of extreme ignorance, since this passage, like Amos ix. 10, 11 and Micah v. 2, referred rather to Zerubbabel. The Song of Solomon he regarded as a secular epithalamium; and ...example, that David had the gift of the spirit (on Ps. lxxxi. 3, τῇ τοῦ πνεήματος χάριτι), yet regarding him in all other respects as a prophet. According to Theodore, Solomon had the gift of wisdom only, not that of...
TOBIAH BEN ELIEZER – ...settled in Palestine. As to Tobiah's birthplace, it has been proved by Solomon Buber that he was a native of Castoria in Bulgaria, as is testified to by Tobiah's countryman Judah Leon Mosconi in his supercommentary ...ha-Darshan without mentioning their names. Tobiah is in turn quoted by those of Rashi's pupils who redacted the "Liḳḳuṭe ha-Pardes," and by the following: Menahem b. Solomon in his "Sekel Ṭob"; Jacob Tam in his ...Leḳaḥ Ṭob," by Solomon Buber (Wilna, 1884), who added a long introduction and copious notes. The part covering the Five Megillot is not yet printed; but extracts were published by Jellinek in 1855. The commentary...
TRABOT (TRABOTTI) – ...are still extant in manuscript.Nethaneel ben Benjamin ben Azriel Trabot: Rabbi of Modena; born about 1576; died Dec. 22, 1653; uncle of Solomon Graciano. He ...Cod. Florent., Plut. II., No. 35); Solomon Trabot, said to have been the father of Joseph Colon (Codex Parma No. 1420; Codex No. 2 of the Foa collection); and Solomon (da Trevoux) Trabot...
VALENCIA – ...well as real estate in the city and its precincts. Among those who received such gifts after the "repartimiento de Valencia" were the secretaries and interpreters of the king, Maestros R. David, R. Solomon, and R ...and Rabbis. Several Jewish scholars lived in Valencia, among them Solomon ibn Gabirol, who also died there, and Joseph Caspi. Isaac ben Sheshet was rabbi in Valencia for several years; and Amram ben Nathan ...Efrati occupied the rabbinate for four decades. The latter was widely respected for his learning, but was not on good terms with Ḥasdai ben Solomon (a friend of Isaac ben Sheshet), called from Tudela about 1380...
AḤMED PASHA – ...bibliography"> Solomon ibn Verga, Shebeṭ Yehudah, German translation by M. Wiener, pp. 228, 229, Hanover, 1856; Joseph ha-Kohen, 'EmeḲ ha-Baka, German...
AIX-LA-CHAPELLE (AACHEN) – ...Jacob are mentioned in the "Judenschreinsbuch" of Cologne, 1270-75; also a Solomon of Aachen and his son Vivis, 1280-81. In the fourteenth century the presence of Jews at Aix-la-Chapelle is probable, though not...
ALBALIA – ...there. The family at a very early period settled in Cordova.The name Albalia may be the Arabic al-Bali ("Jew. Quart. Rev." x. 137). A Solomon Albala is mentioned in a Barcelona document (Jacobs. "Sources," p...
ALEXANDERSOHN, JONATHAN – ...the civil courts in vain; but Solomon Rosenthal, a prominent member of the congregation in Budapest, and his old friend Götz Kohn of Schwerin, took up his case, and appointed a committee of five rabbis to...
ABU – ...called Abu Sulaiman (Solomon). (8) Sulaiman is called Abu Da'ud, or even Abu Ajub (Job).Abu is used attributively in conjunction with adjectives or abstract nouns, forming names like the English "Goodman...
ABENDANA, JACOB – ...years later he published, in connection with his brother Isaac, the Bible commentary "Miklal Yofi" of Solomon ben Melek, together with his own additions known as "Leḳeṭ Shikḥah" (Gleanings). The work was published...
BAJAZET II. – ...astronomer and mathematician, whose Jewish and Karaite disciples included Elijah Bashyatzi, Caleb Afendopolo, and Joseph Ravizi; Solomon ben Elijah Sharbiṭ ha-Zahab of Salonica and Ephesus (1470-1500), preacher, poet...
BARAITA ON SALVATION – ...Horwitz, pp. 724, 725, gives the catalogue of sins as Alfasi has done in his version of the tractate "Derek Ereẓ R."The narrative concerning the judgment of Solomon, at the end of the Baraita on Salvation, is...
BARUCH B. SAMUEL – ...Talmudist and prolific "payyeṭan"; flourished at the beginning of the thirteenth century; died at Mayence April 25, 1221. He was a pupil of Moses b. Solomon ha-Kohen of Mayence and of Eliezer b. Samuel of...
BATHORI, STEPHEN – ...Prince of Transylvania 1571-76; king of Poland 1575-86, in succession to Henry of Anjou, who had left the kingdom in order to occupy the throne of France as Henry III. At this election Solomon Ashkenazi...
BEAUCAIRE – ...Sen Moses, who lived at Salon in the fourteenth century, and is to all appearances identical with Moses b. Solomon of Beaucaire, the translator of Averroes' great commentary on Aristotle's "Metaphysics" (Gross...
BEDFORD – ...Borough and capital of the county of Bedfordshire, England; situated on the River Ouse. The earliest notice of Jews at Bedford is entered on the pipe-rolls of 31 Henry I. (1185), when Solomon and Jacob...
BEHALAH – ...eight years, in order to save them from some supposedly impending danger. There is reason to believe that there was a Behalah as early as 1754 (Ephraim Solomon Margoliot, "Bet Ephraim," part "Eben ha-'Ezer," No. 41...