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LOGOS, THE – ...memra">See Memra; Philo; Wisdom....
MEMRA – ...went forth from the right hand of God and made a circuit around the camp of Israel" (Cant. R. i. 13).—In the Targum: In the Targum the Memra figures ...Deut. xviii. 19 has "My word shall require it." "The Memra," instead of "the Lord," is "the consuming fire" (Targ. Deut. ix. 3; comp. Targ. Isa. xxx. 27). The Memra " ...plagued the people" (Targ. Yer. to Ex. xxxii. 35). "The Memra smote him" (II Sam. vi. 7; comp. Targ. I Kings xviii. 24; Hos. xiii. 14; et al.). Not "God," but "the Memra," is...
SHEKINAH – ...In the Targumim. The majestic presence or manifestation of God which has descended to "dwell" among men. Like memra">Memra
ANTHROPOMORPHISM – ...example of the changing of a real anthropomorphic expression is found. The older Targumim adduce a principle similar to the "Soferim." They always speak of the memra">Memra ("word" of God ...unmistakable, as Ginsburger has shown (l.c. p. 265). Ginsburger (p. 270) is accordingly right when he deduces the following rule for the employment of memra in the older Targumim: "Whenever a relation is predicated ...of God, through which His spiritual presence in an earthly being must be assumed, the paraphrase with memra is employed."Septuagint. The "fathers" of the...
GOD – ...chain leading from the absolute God-conception of Palestinian Judaism to the theory of the mediating agency of the Word (Άόγος, "Memra") in Philo. The Aristeas Letter does not present as clear a modification of the ...passage is also at the root of the Targumic use of memra">Memra, (see Anthropomorphism)—and on the whole but not consistently assuming that ...articles/10618-memra">Memra ("Word"; "Logos") and the Shekinah, the divine effulgent indwelling of God (see Names of God), are not...
MESSIAH – ...Messiah, and the Logos, which appears repeatedly in Philo in place of the earthly future king (comp., e.g., his interpretation of "ẓemaḥ," Zech. vi. 12, in "De Confess." § 14; memra ...see Memra). The Fourth Book of Ezra (about 100 C.E.) presents both the pre-existent and the earthly Messiah. The latter is seen in ch. vii. 28, xi. 37-46, xii. 31-34, where the Messiah is represented...
CREATION – ...styled Creator only of the ideal, intelligible world, not of matter in the visible world (l.c. i. 304). In regard to Philo's Logos and the Memra of the Targum see Logos.
PHYLACTERIES – ...can not concentrate his mind ("Yad," l.c. iv. 13), one who is engaged in the study of the Law (R. Jonah to Alfasi on Ber. ii. 5, s.v. "Le-Memra"), and scribes of and dealers in tefillin and mezuzot...
CHRISTIANITY IN ITS RELATION TO JUDAISM – ...Shekinah or divine glory (Rom. ix. 4; Col. i. 27; see Mayor, "Epistle of James," p. 75, notes), or with the "Memra" or "Logos," Philo's second god ("Fragments," ed. Mangey, ii. 625; compare "De Somniis," i. 39-41, ed...
EGYPT – Ancient and Biblical: The valley of the Nile north of the first cataract, having an area of 9,000-12,000 square miles of arable ground. Almost rainless, the country depends upon the inundations of the Nile and artificial