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SEA-MONSTER – ...behemoth">See Leviathan and Behemoth....
BEHEMOTH – ...behemoth">See Leviathan....
MONSTER – ...behemoth">See Leviathan....
LEVIATHAN AND BEHEMOTH – ...Biblical Data: Ever since Bochart ("Hierozoicon," iii. 705), "behemoth" has been taken to denote the hippopotamus; and Jablonski, to make it correspond exactly with that animal, compared an Egyptian form, "p ...mountains bring him forth food; where all the beasts of the field do play" (Job xl. 20). Obviously behemoth is represented as the primeval beast, the king of all the animals of the dry land, while leviathan is the king ...of all those of the water, both alike unconquerable by man (ib. xl. 14, xli. 17-26). Gunkel ("Schöpfung und Chaos," p. 62) suggests that behemoth and leviathan were the two primeval monsters corresponding...
WHALE – ...leviathan-and-behemoth">See also Leviathan and Behemoth.Bibliography: Tristram, Natural History of the Bible, p...
REED – ...rods (Ezek. xl. 3), etc. Animals live among the thick reeds (Ps. lxviii. 31 [R. V. 30]), and according to Job xl. 21, behemoth (the hippopotamus) lies "in the covert of the reed," this passage implying that the...
YUDAN BEN SIMEON – ...The giant animals behemoth and leviathan, according to him, were created in order to serve as quarries for the pious in the future world. Those who have not seen the hunts and animal contests among the heathen...
DRAGON – ...behemoth">Leviathan ( ) probably also means a dragon of this kind (compare Isa. xxvii. 1).Sometimes considerable information is given ofthese monsters. "In the...
CROCODILE – ...In Job (xl.-xli.) the description of the behemoth">Leviathan certainly resembles that of the crocodile. Some of the particulars given—the impenetrable scales (xli. 15...
SERPENT – ...xxvii. 1 behemoth">see Leviathan.Serpents abound in Palestine, as well as in Egypt, the Sinaitic Peninsula, and the Arabian desert. According to Tristram, the...
BANQUETS – ...behemoth">see Leviathan and Eschatology).Bibliography: Smith, Dict. of...
IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL – ...to dwell upon the banquet prepared for the pious in the world to come (see Eschatology; behemoth">Leviathan). Hence the saying...
PREEXISTENCE – ...3; comp. xxxviii. 3; IV Esd. viii. 52). Leviathan and Behemoth also are prepared from the beginning (Apoc. Baruch, xxix. 4; IV Esd. vi. 49; comp. B.B. 44b); and the glory or the light of the first day is...
COSMOGONY – ...et seq.; Nahum. i.; Hab. iii.). See Dragon; behemoth">Leviathan.On the other hand, the Bible has preserved cosmogonies, or ...behemoth, out of water, earth, and light. The Midrash Ma'ase Bereshit, which is attached to Midrash Konen (Jellinek, "B. H." pp. 32 et seq.), forms also part of the Seder Rabba di Bereshit, published in...
DEMONOLOGY – ...remained a real being in the popular belief; and inasmuch as this conflicted with the monotheistic system, the battle of God or His angel Gabriel with Leviathan and Behemoth was transformed into a great eschatological ...drama which ended in the perfect triumph of divine justice (B. B. 75b). The Babylonian Tiamat, as Behemoth and Leviathan, became on the one hand infernal monsters devouring the wicked, and on the other food and ...cover for the righteous in heaven (behemoth">see Leviathan). Nevertheless, the Mandæan and Gnostic heresies maintained the belief in these cosmic monsters (Brandt...
JUBILEES, BOOK OF – ...the sea-monsters (Behemoth and Leviathan, "the first things of flesh created by His hands"), the fish, and the birds; on the sixth—the wild and the tame animals, the creeping things, and man; these twenty-two...
RIGHT AND RIGHTEOUSNESS – ...and delight in the radiancy of the Shekinah (Ber. 17a). They partake of behemoth">Leviathan (Pesiḳ. 188b; B. B. 74b). Their crowns are those that were worn at Sinai (Sanh...
APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE, NEO-HEBRAIC – Growth Out of the Older. The Neo-Hebraic apocalyptic forms but one branch of Apocalyptic Literature, a species of literature exhibiting many ramifications, and represented in a complex but unbroken chain, from the time of the
JOB, THE BOOK OF – ...beauty. Ch. xl.-xli.: Continuation of God's address with a brief reply from Job. These two chapters describe the nature and habits of the hippopotamus ("behemoth") and the whale ("leviathan...
PARADISE – ...behemoth">Leviathan and "the wine preserved in its grapes since the six days of Creation" are the main courses to be served at the banquet (B. B. 75a). The order of the banquet follows: "The Almighty invites the...
SOLA, DE – ...1853. Behemoth Hatemeoth.1854. The Jewish Calendar System (conjointly with Rev. J. J. Lyons).1857. Philological Studies in Hebrew and Aramaic.1858. Scripture Botany.1860. The...
ESCHATOLOGY – The Day of the Lord. Gen. xlix. 1; comp. Gen. R. xcviii., "the Messianic end" ; Isa. ii. 1; also "the end," Dent. xxxii. 20; Ps. lxxiii. 17; Ben Sira vii. 36, xxviii. 6; comp. "Didache," xvi. 3): The doctrine of the "last
AMERICA, JUDAISM IN – ...Bible," 1853; A. de Sola, "Behemoth Hatemeoth" (Unclean Animals), 1848; idem, "Sanitary Institutions of the Hebrews," 1860;
  • APOCALYPSE – ...Hermas, "Vision," iv. 1. Certain mythical or semimythical beings which appear in the Old Testament are also made to play a part of increasing importance in these books. Thus "Leviathan" and "Behemoth" (Enoch, lx. 7...
    GOD – ...of the Temple" (Yer. Ḥag. i. 5b; Yalḳ., Lam. 1000); as "roaring like a lion" and "playing with the behemoth">Leviathan" (Yalḳ., Isa. l.c.); as "no longer on His...
    CABALA – ...Sifre, Wezot ha-Berakah, 357); "the secret chambers of the behemoth and leviathan" (Cant. R. i. 4); the secret of the calendar ("Sod ha-'Ibbur")—that is, the mode of calculating the years with a view to the...