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IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL – ...life and live forever" (Gen. iii. 22, Hebr.), whereas man by being driven out of the Garden of Eden was deprived of the opportunity of eating the food of immortality (see Roscher, "Lexikon der Griechischen und ...Römischen Mythologie," s.v. "Ambrosia"). It is the Psalmist's implicit faith in God's omnipotence and omnipresence that leads him to the hope of immortality (Ps. xvi. 11, xvii. 15, xlix. 16, lxxiii. 24 et seq ...the Columbia University Library, New York.)The belief in the immortality of the soul came to the Jews from contact with Greek thought and chiefly through the philosophy of Plato, its...
BERGEL, JOSEPH – ...40, 50; vii. 3, 123, 133, 135). The best of these are the articles, "Hash-'arat ha-Nefesh" (The Immortality of the Soul) in vii. 3-12, and the poem '"Al Ḳeber Abi" (On the Grave of My Father) in vii. 123. He...
SAMUEL HA-KOHEN DI PISA – ...Portuguese scholar of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He wrote a commentary on the difficult passages in Ecclesiastes and the Book of Job, discussing in it the immortality of the soul and the...
OPPENHEIM, ABRAHAM ḤAYYIM – ...treatise entitled "Nishmat Ḥayyim" (Dyhernfurth, 1829), on the immortality of the soul, both of which were published by his relative Simon Oppenheim, dayyan at Budapest.
ALEXANDER OF APHRODISIAS – ...part of the Arabian and Jewish philosophers, who, moved by sentiments of religion, sought to deaden the blows struck at the fundamental dogma of Islamism and Judaism: the immortality of the soul. Averroes (Ibn ...adversaries of Maimonides were justified, therefore, in accusing him of denying the immortality of the soul; for without an individual soul there can be no immortality.Levi ...all the opinions on this subject, ranges himself on the side of Alexander. But, in order to avoid the danger of seeming to deny immortality, he developed the conception further. The rational soul, he says, which...
IBN PULGAR, ISAAC BEN JOSEPH – ...Ibn Pulgar defended the Halakah, but said that the Haggadah did not belong to the Talmud. One of the points in dispute between Ibn Pulgar and Abner of Burgos was in regard to the immortality of the ...individual soul, which Ibn Pulgar denied, believing only in the immortality of the universal soul (Ibn Shaprut, "Eben Boḥan," xv., § 3). Ibn Pulgar's theory was that laws were not instituted for the sake of God, who has ...explain the Bible in a strictly literal sense and those who, like the Christians, interpret it in a figurative and allegorical sense; the fifth, those who do not believe in the immortality of the soul. The second...
ALEXANDER SUuml;SSKIND BEN SAMUEL ZANWIL – ...They are: (1) "Yedi'at Elohim" (Knowledge of God), on the existence of God, immortality, etc.; (2) "Meleket ha-Mibṭa." a work on Hebrew grammar; (3) "Ẓori ha...
CATALAN, ABRAHAM SOLOMON BEN ISAAC BEN SAMUEL – ...born in Catalonia; died 1492; author of a work treating of the eternity of the world, Providence, prophecy, immortality, and the resurrection, and also dealing with mathematical, physical, and cabalistic...
FRÄNKEL, BENJAMIN – ...loyalty, published together with a German translation, Breslau, 1833; (2) "Neẓaḥ we-Hod," treating of the immortality and perpetual peace of the soul according to the prophets and philosophers, published together...
GERSHON BEN HEZEKIAH – ...grammar and on the Masorah; "Shib'ah Mizbeḥot," a treatise in verse on astronomy; "Zeh Ḥelḳi mi-Kol 'Amali," a treatise on the immortality of the soul; and "Af Ḥokmati," his last work, and the only one that has been...
ALLEMANNO, JOHANAN – ...commentary on the Torah (compare Gedaliah ibn Yaḥya's "Shalshelet ha-ḳ;ab-balah," ed. Warsaw, 1889, p. 86); "Ḥayye Olam" (Eternal Life), a treatise on immortality; "LiḲḲutim Collectanea," a volume of about two hundred...
HURWITZ, JUDAH BEN MORDECAI HA-LEVI – ...Sefer Maḥberet Ḥayye ha-Nefesh," on the immortality of the soul (Poretchye, 1786); "Sefer Megillat Sedarim," on the differences between cabalists, Talmudists, and philosophers (Prague, 1793); "Hekal 'Oneg," moral...
DEL BENE (V04p503001.jpg), JUDAH ASHAEL BEN ELIEZER DAVID – ...divided into eight sections ("bottim") and fifty chapters ("she'arim"), and deals with the creation of the world, the heavens and the planets, the elements, the immortality of the soul, resurrection, articles of...
ALFARABI, ABU NAṢR MOHAMMED – ...themselves of Alfarabi's writings.On Immortality. While Alfarabi's teachings were generally held in the highest esteem, his view concerning the immortality of the ...human soul was vigorously combated by Jewish authors. Arabic philosophers endeavored to solve the problem of immortality, left unsettled by Aristotle, by suggesting that during man's life the human intellect...
KALISCH, ISIDOR – ...the Talmud"; in 1881 he translated into English S. Munk's "Philosophie et Ecrivains Philosophes des Juifs." His last work was a translation into English of "Ha-Tappuaḥ," a treatise on the immortality of the soul...
NEUSTADT, PHINEHAS – ...resigned in 1860 in order to enter the University of Breslau. He received the degree of doctor of philosophy from the University of Jena in 1864, his thesis being on the doctrine of immortality in the Talmud. While...
MORTEIRA (MORTERA), SAUL LEVI – ...la Religion des Juifs") and other writings of Morteira, on immortality, revelation, etc., are still in manuscript.Bibliography:
  • MEMORIAL SERVICE – ...the immortality of the soul, thereby affording a source of comfort to mourners in their grief. In the new form, the memorial service, which dwells mainly on the awful solemnity of death and the hope of a future...
    RESURRECTION – ...resurrection will occur (xix. 25, 26). The older Hebrew conception of life regarded the nation so entirely as a unit that no individual mortality or immortality was considered. Jeremiah (xxxi. 29) and Ezekiel (xviii.) ...Ps. xlix. and lxxiii., that the spirits of the righteous entered on a blessed immortality immediately at death. This was the view of the author of the Wisdom of Solomon (iii. 1-4; iv. 7, 10, et al.), of ...2; xvii. 5, 18; xviii. 23). Immortality of the soul takes the place of bodily resurrection. Rabbinical arguments in favor of resurrection are given in Sanh. 90b-92b, from promises made to the dead (Ex. iv. 4...
    GUILLAUME OF AUVERGNE – ...omission in the Bible of certain very important dogmas, such as the creation of angels, the immortality of the soul, etc., was due to the narrowness of the intellectual perception of the Jews and to their moral...
    MARTIN, RAYMUND – ...Better known than this edition is its reprint by J. B. Carpzov (Leipsic, 1667), with the anti-Jewish preface "Introductio in Theologiam Judaicam." The work treats of God's omniscience, the Creation, immortality, and...
    SULLAM, SARA COPIA (COPPIO) – ...pamphlet, of having denied the dogma of the immortality of the soul, a crime for which the Church decreed extreme penalties. Sara hastened to defend herself in a "manifesto," dedicated to her father's memory, the only...
    WISDOM OF SOLOMON, BOOK OF THE – ...indispensable to rulers (i. 6, vi. 9-25), although they are chiefly directed against the Epicureans, the ungodly who deny immortality, indulge in lust and incest, and mock the righteous and the learned, who in their turn ...wisdom is introduced in vi. 9-25 as the speaker, and as the one who bestows the divine kingdom and confers immortality (vi. 20-21); whereas sin brings death, since "through envy of the devil came death into the ...Here wisdom is represented as a mystic power which imparts not only knowledge of all mysteries and the spirit of prophecy (vii. 17-21, 27), but even immortality (viii. 13), while it is also a cosmic force invested...
    SALVATION – ...passage is construed by many theologians as proof of the belief in immortality, and as indicating a presentiment of Paulinian soteriology. The context, even with the corrupt Masoretic text unemendated, refutes this ...also as "skin") prove derelict to their duty, he has seen one, and not a stranger, that will assume the obligation.The Jewish Messianic doctrine of salvation does not center in personal immortality, nor in...
    WANDERING JEW – ...wander without the hope of rest in death till the millennium, impressed itself upon the popular imagination, and passed thence into literary art, mainly with reference to the seeming immortality of the wandering ...are also credited with immortality; but there is no evidence of any connection of these names with the legend of the Wandering Jew which, as stated above, was put into currency in 1602 in Germany, by some one who...
    ALBALAG, ISAAC – ...on the fundamental principles of all positive religion—which are "the belief in reward and punishment, in immortality, in the existence of a just God, and in Divine Providence"—and they both follow the same aim...
    ALDABI, MEIR IBN – ...elucidating some of the Haggadot on the same lines as Solomon ben Adret; (9) reward and punishment, paradise and hell, immortality of the soul and its transmigration in man; (10) the redemption of Israel, the...
    ABIHU – ...approached God and gave up mortal life in order to receive immortality, were naked; that is, they broke every bond connecting them with mortal needs and passions" ("De Allegoriis Legum," ii. 15, ed. Cohn and Wendland, p...
    BARUCH, BARUCH B. MOSES IBN – ...reasons for creating man, the life of the senses and salvation, immortality of the soul, freedom of the will, Providence, spirit and matter, perfection of the human soul, Revelation as a means to perfection, the...
    ALMOLI, ALMULI – ...Cracow; was printed in Amsterdam by Manasseh ben Israel, and in 1694 appeared in a Judæo-German translation. He also wrote a philosophical treatise upon the nature of the soul and its immortality, entitled "Sha'ar...