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MEYUḤAS ():

Oriental Jewish family which gave several rabbinical writers to Jerusalem and Constantinople.

Abraham ben Samuel Meyuḥas:

Rabbi in Turkey in the eighteenth century; author of "Sedeh ha-Areẓ," in three parts, the first two being homilies on the Pentateuch (Salonica, 1784-98) and the third containing responsa on the four parts of the Shulḥan 'Aruk, collectanea, and Talmudic annotations (Leghorn, 1788). In the preface Meyuḥas asserts that he wrote the following commentaries: "Digle Ahabah," on Isaac Luria's "Derek 'Eẓ ha-Ḥayyim"; "Ha-Ma'or ha-Ḳaṭon," on Ḥayyim Vital's "'Eẓ Ḥayyim"; "Siaḥ ha-Sadeh," on Isaac Luria's "Sefer ha-Kawwanot." Fürst ("Bibl. Jud." ii. 347) ascribes to this Meyuḥas the work entitled "Bene Abraham," responsa and homilies, and "Ḳonṭres," containing the laws of Giṭṭin (Constantinople, 1773); the responsa and homilies, however, are those of Abraham ben Judah Meyuḥas; while the "Ḳonṭres" was written by Nathan Meyuḥas.

Bibliography:
  • Benjacob, Oẓar ha-Sefarim, p. 567, No. 302;
  • Zedner, Cat. Hebr. Books Brit. Mus. pp. 536-537.
M. Sel.Moses Mordecai Joseph Meyuḥas:

Son of Raphael Meyuḥas ben Samuel; born 1738; died 1806. He succeeded Yom-Ṭob al-Ghazi as chief rabbi of Jerusalem (1801-6). In 1799, on the approach of Bonaparte's army, which already had taken Jaffa, Meyuḥas assembled the Jews of Jerusalem and delivered a patriotic speech, after which he seized a pickax and commenced to dig a trench, his coreligionists immediately following his example. He was the author of three Hebrew works: "Sha'ar ha-Mayim," notes on the Shulḥan 'Aruk, and responsa (Salonica, 1768); "Birkot ha-Mayim," novellæ, religious laws, and responsa (ib. 1789); "Mayim Sha'al," on the same subjects as the "Sha'ar ha-Mayim" (ib. 1799).

M. Fr.Raphael ben Samuel Meyuḥas:

Chief rabbi of Jerusalem and head of the yeshibah there; flourished about the middle of the eighteenth century. He was the author of the following works, all published at Salonica: "Minḥat Bikkurim," halakic and haggadic novellæ on several treatises of the Talmud (1752); "Peri ha-Adamah," novellæ on the four divisions of Maimonides' "Yad" (1752); "Pene ha-Adamah," homilies on the "parashiyyot" of the Pentateuch (1752); "Mizbaḥ Adamah," novellæ on the four parts of the Shulḥan 'Aruk (1777).

Bibliography:
  • Azulai, Shem ha-Gedolim, ii., s.v. Mizbaḥ Adamah;
  • Fürst, Bibl. Jud. ii. 347;
  • Zedner, Cat. Hebr. Books Brit. Mus. p. 536.
M. Sel.Samuel Ḥayyim Meyuḥas:

Chief rabbi of Constantinople from 1836 to 1839; died some years after the latter date. He was the author of a volume of responsa entitled "Shemen ha-Mishḥah" (Constantinople, 1840).

Bibliography:
  • Azulai, Shem ha-Gedolim;
  • Hazan, Ha-Ma'alot li-Shelomoh;
  • Franco, Histoire des Israélites de l'Empire Ottoman;
  • Walden, Shem ha-Gedolim he-Ḥadash.
J. M. Fr.
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