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PINE (PNIE), SAMSON:

German translator of the fourteenth century. He was probably born at Peine, a city in the province of Hanover, whencehis name is derived and where a Jewish community had existed from very early times. Later he lived at Strasburg. Pine is chiefly remembered for the assistance he rendered in 1336 to two German poets, Claus Wysse and Philipp Kolin of Strasburg, who prepared a continuation of Wolfram von Eschenbach's Middle High German poem "Parzival," after the French poem in the Ruediger von Manesse manuscript. In the parchment manuscript on which they wrote, these poets thank Pine for his services in translating the poem into German and in inventing rimes for it. Incidentally, Pine is thanked as a Jew by faith; the note is couched in metrical terms; and Pine is referred to twice in ten lines as a Jew.

Bibliography:
  • Güdemann, Gesch. iii. 159 et seq.:
  • Karpeles, Gesch. der Jüdischen Literatur, p. 709, Berlin, 1886;
  • idem, Jewish Literature, pp. 35, 87, Philadelphia, 1895.
D. A. M. F.
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