ALKAN, ALPHONSE (known as Alkan the Elder):
French printer, bibliographer, and author; born in Paris, 1809, died at Neuilly-sur-Seine, 1889. He first worked as a practical printer, then wrote for various typographical and bibliographical reviews, and subsequently was appointed secretary and proof-reader to the Count de Clarac, keeper of the Museum of Antiquities in the Louvre. Alkan was a prolific writer and the author of many books, pamphlets, and articles, which deal with the art and history of printing and illustrating as well as with bibliography. His more important books are: "Les Femmes Compositrices d'Imprimerie sous la Révolution Française de 1794, par un Ancien Typographe," 1862 (anonymous); "Les Graveurs de Portraits en France," 1879; "Documents pour Servir à l'Histoire de la Librairie Parisienne," 1879; "Les Livres et Leurs Ennemis," 1883; "Les Etiquettes et les Inscriptions des Boîtes-Volumes de Pierre Jannet, Fondateur de la Bibliothèque Elzéverienne," 1883; "Edouard René Lefèbvre de Laboulaye, un Fondeur en Caractères, Membre de l'Institut," 1886; "Berbignier et SonLivre: les Farfadets," 1889; "Les Quatre Doyens de la Typographie Parisienne," 1889.
- De Gubernatis, Dict. International des Écrivains du Jour, s.v.