American physician; born in Cincinnati, Ohio, May 26, 1853. After graduating from the Medical College of Ohio (M.D. 1874), he studied surgery at the universities of Würzburg, Vienna, Berlin, Paris, and London (F.R.C.S. 1877). Returning to his native city, he became, in 1879, professor of anatomy at the Medical College of Ohio; this chair he filled until 1902, when he was called to the chair of surgery in the same institution. In 1903 he was appointed a trustee of the University of Cincinnati, and he has been a member of the surgical staffs of the Cincinnati Jewish hospitals. He is a fellow of the American Surgical Society, of the American Academy of Medicine, and of the Society for the Advancement of Science.
Ransohoff has made a number of important contributions to the science of surgery in connection with diseases of the gall-bladder, the vermiform appendix, the brain, the kidneys, and the arteries (aneurisms). He has contributed to the "International Encyclopedia of Surgery," the "Reference Handbook of Medical Sciences," and "Surgery, by American Authors."