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RAPHAEL, FREDERICK MELCHIOR:

English soldier; born in London 1870; died at Spion Kop, Natal, Jan. 24, 1900; son of George C. Raphael; educated at Wellington College. Joining the Rifle Brigade (Militia Battalion) in 1889, he passed into the regular army in 1891, being assigned to the First Battalion South Lancashire Regiment. He was gazetted first lieutenant in that regiment in 1893, and in 1898 reached the rank of captain. He had qualified in signaling and in military topography, and had also acted as instructor in musketry and as adjutant to his regiment.

At the outset of the conflict between the English and Boer governments, Raphael was ordered with his regiment to South Africa (Nov., 1899). He was senior subaltern in his battalion and acting captain in charge of 130 men and a machine gun; he was killed in Warren's engagement with the Boers at Spion Kop.

Bibliography:
  • Jew. Chron. Feb. 2, 1900.
J. G. L.
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