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SAMUEL BEN KALONYMUS HA-ḤAZZAN (known also as Samuel Dewlin []):

Leader of the congregation at Erfurt in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. He is sometimes, but erroneously, referred to as Samuel de Aphota Dicti Dovlin. He wrote a number of piyyuṭim, including five for Sabbath weddings, one for the Friday evening service, one for the Sabbath of Ḥuḳḳat, one for the Sabbath after Sukkot, and, perhaps, a "Me'orah" for Purim. The last-named, however, is generally credited to Samuel of Magdeburg. On June 16, 1221, Samuel and his wife, Hannah, died as martyrs (Aronius, "Regesten," pp. 183, 413).

Bibliography:
  • Zunz, Ritus, pp. 127, 201;
  • Jacob Weil, Responsa, No. 41;
  • Dukes, in Orient, Lit. 1844, No. 15, p. 232;
  • Neubauer, Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS. No. 425;
  • Zunz, Literaturgesch, p. 465. note 1, and Supplement. p. 63;
  • Parma De Rossi MS. No. 586;
  • Steinschneider, Cat. Hamburg, Nos. 49, 58;
  • Berliner, Magazin, No. 13.
J. S. O.
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