SAMUEL BEN KALONYMUS HA-ḤAZZAN (known also as Samuel Dewlin ):
Leader of the congregation at Erfurt in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. He is sometimes, but erroneously, referred to as Samuel de Aphota Dicti Dovlin. He wrote a number of piyyuṭim, including five for Sabbath weddings, one for the Friday evening service, one for the Sabbath of Ḥuḳḳat, one for the Sabbath after Sukkot, and, perhaps, a "Me'orah" for Purim. The last-named, however, is generally credited to Samuel of Magdeburg. On June 16, 1221, Samuel and his wife, Hannah, died as martyrs (Aronius, "Regesten," pp. 183, 413).
- Zunz, Ritus, pp. 127, 201;
- Jacob Weil, Responsa, No. 41;
- Dukes, in Orient, Lit. 1844, No. 15, p. 232;
- Neubauer, Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS. No. 425;
- Zunz, Literaturgesch, p. 465. note 1, and Supplement. p. 63;
- Parma De Rossi MS. No. 586;
- Steinschneider, Cat. Hamburg, Nos. 49, 58;
- Berliner, Magazin, No. 13.