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SAMUEL BEN URI SHRAGA PHOEBUS:

Polish rabbi and Talmudist of Woydyslaw in the second half of the seventeenth century. In his early youth he was a pupil of R. Heshel in Cracow, and on the latter's death he continued his studies under R. Heshel's successor, R. Leib Fischeles, whose daughter he married.

Samuel officiated as rabbi in Shydlow, Poland, whence he was called in Sept., 1691, to the rabbinate of Fürth, Germany. In his new office he displayed great activity, and was the recipient of a good income; nevertheless his new surroundings were distasteful to him. The reason is not known; but it is recorded that he longed for his former rabbinate. In 1694 he received a call to return to Shydlow, which he soon accepted, as appears from his approbation of the work "'Ir Binyamin "(Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1698), in which he is mentioned as rabbi of the Polish town.

Samuel wrote in Hebrew a clear and comprehensive commentary on the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Eben ha'Ezer, which appeared in Dyhernfurth in 1689, being the first Hebrew work printed there. Later he thoroughly revised it; and a second edition, with several emendations and additions, appeared at Fürth in 1694. He wrote also several responsa and opinions, one of which is published in "Ḥinnuk Bet Yehudah," No. 131 (Frankfort-on-the Main, 1705).

Bibliography:
  • Ḥayyim N. Dembitzer, Kelilat Yofi, i. 81a, b, ii. 58b, Cracow, 1888-93;
  • M. Brann, Geschichte und Annalen der Dyhernfurter Druckerei, in Monatsschrift, xl. 520;
  • idem, 'Eine, Sammlung Fürther Grabschriften, in Kaufmann Gedenkbuch, pp. 396, 397;
  • Azulai, Shem ha-Gedolim, s.v.;
  • Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. col. 2494.
E. C. J. Z. L.
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