Ancient city of Asia Minor and capital of Lydia; situated on the Pactolus at the northern base of Mount Tmolus, about sixty miles from Smyrna. The town is first mentioned by Æschylus ("Persæ," ed. Kirchhoff, line 47), and may be the "Sparda" of the Old Persian inscriptions of Darius Hystaspes (Behistun, i. 15; Persepolis, e, 12; Naḳshi Rustam, a, 28). It had an eventful history, and after the establishment of the Roman province of Asia in 133
The date and early history of the Jewish community of Sardis are unknown, although it is clear that by the second half of the first century
The single allusion to Sardis in Rev. iii. 1-4 adds no information concerning its Jewish community, nor does the Talmud throw any light on the history of the Jews in the city, although, Sardis may be meant by "Asia" in a few passages (Sifre, Balaḳ, ed. Friedmann, p. 47b; 'Ab. Zarah 30a; B. M. 84a). Its site is now occupied by the ruined village of Sart.
- Schürer, Gesch. 3d ed., iii. 12;
- Neubauer, G. T. pp. 310-311;
- Wilson, Handbook for Travellers in Asia Minor, etc., pp. 82-83, London, 1895.