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SIEGFRIED, KARL:

German Protestant theologian; born at Magdeburg Jan. 22, 1830; died at Jena Jan. 9, 1903. In 1875 he became professor of theology at the University of Jena, and in 1892 received the title of "Geheimer-Kirchenrat."

Of Siegfried's works the following are of special interest to the Jewish world: "Spinoza als Kritiker und Ausleger des Alten Testaments" (Berlin, 1867); "Philo von Alexandria" (Jena, 1875), one of the standard works on the subject, dealing also with the influence of the Haggadah on Philo; "Lehrbuch der Neuhebräischen Sprache und Litteratur" (Carlsruhe, 1884), in collaboration with Strack, Siegfried contributing the grammatical part; "Die Historische und Theologische Betrachtung des Alten Testaments" (Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1890); "Hebräisches Wörterbuch zum Alten Testament" (Leipsic, 1893), in collaboration with Stade; "The Book of Job" (ib. 1893), in Haupt's Polychrome Bible. To Nowack's "Handkommentar zum Alten Testament" Siegfried contributed the commentaries on Ecclesiastes, the Song of Solomon, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther.

Bibliography:
  • Brockhaus, Konversations-Lexikon.
T. F. T. H.
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