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SIMEON B. JUDAH:

Tanna of the fourth generation; a native of Kefar 'Ikos (comp. on this name H. Hildesheimer, "Beiträge zur Geographie Palästinas," pp. 12, 81, Berlin, 1886). He is mentioned almost exclusively as a transmitter of the sentences of Simeon b. Yoḥai. Two of his own exegetic sentences also have been handed down. To Ex. xiv. 15, "Wherefore criest thou unto me?" he says that the cry of the Israelites for aid had preceded that of Moses (Mek., Beshallaḥ, iii. [ed. Weiss, p. 35b]). In Deut. xxxii. 6 is to be derived from (= "foundation," "basis," or "means"): "He placed thee upon thy foundation" (Sifre, Deut. 309 [ed. Friedmann, p. 134a]). In another sentence of his that has been preserved mention is made of a certain place in Galilee in which were said to be leprous stones, i.e., stones from a house infected with leprosy (Tosef., Neg. vi. 1).

Bibliography:
  • Heilprin, Seder ha-Dorot, ii. 371, Warsaw, 1882;
  • Frankel, Hodegetica in Mischnam, p. 199;
  • Brüll, Einleitung in die Mischna, xi. 232 et seq.;
  • Bacher, Ag. Tan. ii. 392.
W. B. J. Z. L.
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