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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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AMETHYST:

A variety of quartz of a clear purple or bluish violet color, much used as a precious stone. It is generally accepted that the Amethyst held the ninth place and was in the third row among the precious gems on the breast-plate of the high priest (Ex. xxviii. 19, xxxix. 12); but the derivation of the Hebrew name aḦlamah is unknown (see Precious Stones).

G. B. L.
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