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STIEGLITZ, LUDWIG VON:

Russian banker; born in Arolsen, Waldeck, Germany, in 1778; died at St. Petersburg March 18, 1843. He emigrated to Russia when a young man, was appointed court banker to the czar, and, after adopting Christianity, was raised to the dignity of a Russian hereditary baron (Aug. 22, 1826). He had previously received various important Russian decorations.

Stieglitz took an active part in many financial affairs of his adopted country, and it was due especially to his efforts that steam navigation was introduced between Lübeck and St. Petersburg. He purchased the estate of Gross-Essern in Courland, and his name was inscribed in the register of the nobility of Courland (May 3, 1840). His son Alexander (died Oct. 24, 1884) became his successor as head of the banking-house of Stieglitz & Company, and continued as such until that firm went into voluntary liquidation in 1863. The descendants of Ludwig von Stieglitz were confirmed in the dignity of Russian hereditary barons by ukase of the Senate of April 3, 1862.

Bibliography:
  • Kohut, Berühmte Israelitische Männer und Frauen, ii. 362;
  • Rietstap, Armorial General, ii. 841;
  • Siebmacher, Der Adel der Russischen Ostsee-Provinzen, ii. 205, iii. 11.
H. R. H. Gut.
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