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ZIPSER, MAIER:

Hungarian rabbi; born at Balassa-Gyarmath Aug. 14, 1815; died at Rechnitz Dec. 10, 1869. He studied in various yeshibot, among his teachers being Wolf Boskowitz and Maier Eisenstadt; and he acquired a secular education partly through the assistance of Löw Schwab and partly through his own endeavors. In 1844 he was chosen rabbi at Stuhlweissenburg, where, however, he became involved in a controversy with the Orthodox members of the community on account of a divorce which he had granted without a precedent. In his defense he wrote a pamphlet entitled "Me ha-Shiloaḥ: Rabbinisches Gutachten über Jüdische Ehescheidung" (Budapest, 1853). About 1850 he went to England, where he published a pamphlet entitled "The Sermon on the Mount," defending Judaism against the parliamentary speeches of Inglis (London, 1852). In 1858 Zipser was elected rabbi of Rechnitz, and he held this position until his death. In addition to the two pamphlets already mentioned, he published various sermons and made numerous contributions to the Jewish press, especially to the "Orient," the "Allgemeine Zeitung des Judenthums," and the "Neuzeit," winning the reputation of being one of the most scholarly Hungarian rabbis of his day.

Bibliography:
  • Allg. Zeit. des Jud. 1870, p. 8;
  • Neuzeit, 1869, pp. 603-605;
  • Fürst, Bibl. Jud. iii. 552-554.
S. D.
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