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ANTIOCHUS XII., DIONYSUS:

King of Syria. He was the youngest son of Grypos, and the last of the Seleucids to come in contact with Jews. In a campaign against Aretas, king of the Arabs, Antiochus intended to march through Judea, but Alexander Jannæus would not permit it; nevertheless Antiochus persisted in his purpose, and took no notice of the obstacles Alexander set in his way. The episode had no further results, for Antiochus died in the campaign.

Bibliography:
  • Kuhn, Beiträge zur Geschichte der Seleukiden, 33 et seq.;
  • Schürer,Geschichte, i, 614.
L. G.
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