City in the province of Jaen, Spain, which, as early as the Moorish rule, had a considerable Jewish community that suffered greatly during the war between Castile and Mohammed al-Naṣir in 1212. In 1391 there was great slaughter among the Jews of Baeza; the survivors being spared only on condition of submitting to baptism. Five years later, only Maranos were left in the city; and many of these, in 1473, fell victims to the fury of the populace, as in Cordova and in other cities, while others were saved through the protection of the count de Cabra, governor of the city.
- J. Amador de los Rios, Historia de los Judios en España, ii. 401, iii. 159.