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BERNARD, ABRAHAM:

Russian physician; born in 1762. He studied at London in 1789; practised medicine in Hasenpoth, Courland, Russia; became district physician in Shawli, government of Wilna; was subsequently appointed inspector of various military hospitals in Lithuania; and in 1809 was made chief surgeon of the hospital of Slonim. He also received the title of court councilor; practised at Mitau in 1810-11; and then settled in Moscow. He has published: "Gründe für die Inokulation; dem Lithauischen Landvolke Gewidmet," Mitau, 1799; "Observations sur l'Enterrement Prématuré des Juifs," Mitau, 1799; and a German translation of this last, under the title "Bemerkungen über das Frühe Beerdigen der Jüdischen Leichen," Mitau, 1802; "Medicinisch-Chirurgische Beobachtungen in den Kriegshospitälern zu Kobrin und Slonim Gesammelt," n. d.; and "Behandlung eines Epidemischen Wurmfiebers, das im Jahr 1796 in Kurland Herrschte," in Hufeland's "Journal für Praktische Arzneikunde," 1797, iv. 4, No. 5.

Bibliography:
  • Recke and Napierski, Allgemeines Schriftsteller und Gelehrten-Lexikon der Provinzen Liev-, Esth- und Kurland, vol. i, s.v., Mitau, 1827;
  • R. Wunderbar, Gesch. der Juden in den Provinzen Liv- und Kurland, pp. 66-67;
  • ib. 1853, where "Bernard" is given as "Bernhard."
H. R.
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