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BETH-PEOR:

A place in the valley of the Jordan which, in Josh. xiii. 20, is apportioned to the Reubenites. In Deuteronomy (iii. 29, iv. 46, xxxiv. 6) it is stated that the people were in the valley of the Jordan, opposite Beth-peor, when the Deuteronomic law was promulgated. Hosea (ix. 10) probably means the same place when he speaks of Baal-peor. According to Eusebius ("Onomastica," ed. Lagarde, ccxxxiii. 78; ccc. 2), the city was situated 6 Roman miles from Livias (or Beth-haran) near Mount Peor (compare Num. xxiii. 28). According to another statement of Eusebius ("Onomastica," ccxiii. 47), this mountain lay on the road from Livias to Heshbon; and according to Jerome (ib. cxv. 1), it was 7 miles distant from the latter. But no place corresponding to these descriptions has as yet been found. The references to Beth-peor in the Talmud, collected by Neubauer, "G. T." pp. 252, 253, prove that the place survived the destruction of the Second Temple.

J. Jr. F. Bu.
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