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BRESLAU, MARCUS HEYMANN:

Author and journalist; born at Breslau, Germany; died in London May 14, 1864. He went to London as a youth, and for a time taught Hebrew and was attached to a synagogue. He then became connected with the "Hebrew Review," edited by Dr. M. J. Raphall. A few years later, when the "Jewish Chronicle" was started, he conducted that periodical for a numberof years, in conjunction with the proprietor, and on the death of the latter became sole proprietor and editor, though he sold it a few months afterward. Being well versed in Hebrew and possessed of considerable energy and activity, he had a share in nearly every movement of the Anglo-Jewish periodical press and in several other literary undertakings started by foreign Hebraists in England. Some years later he tried to revive the "Hebrew Review," but failed, and he then retired from active work.

Breslau was the author of a Hebrew grammar and dictionary. From the German he translated devotional exercises for women, and copied various Hebrew manuscripts in the collection at Oxford. He helped to translate into English the two volumes of "Miscellanea" from the Bodleian, edited by H. Edelmann. Breslau stood forth as the ready scribe and, to some extent also, the Hebrew poet of the community. A public subscription and testimonial were presented him during his later years, in recognition of a thirty-year literary activity.

Bibliography:
  • Jewish Chronicle and Jewish World, May 20, 1864.
J. G. L.
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