BRINDISI (Hebrew, ):
Seaport on the coast of Calabria, Italy, whence the ancient Romans embarked for the East. Jews undoubtedly settled there at a very early period. In the Talmud ('Er. iv. 1) it is recounted that four illustrious Mishnaic doctors (tannaim), among whom was R. Gamaliel, returned from this city to their home. Benjamin of Tudela says that at his time ten Jewish families were living there, all engaged in the art of dyeing.
- Hebrew inscriptions explained by Graziado Ascoli in reports of the congress of Orientalists of Florence, 1894;
- Guerrieri, Gli Ebrei a Brindisi e a Lecce, Turin, 1901.