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BUCHSBAUM:

Family of Jewish physicians of Frankfort-on-the-Main, whose activity extended over a century. Its prominent members were:

1. Amschel Gutman Buchsbaum:

Son of Gutman Wolf (No. 3). He graduated from the University of Giessen in 1729; died 1743.

2. Benjamin Levi or Wolfgang Buchsbaum:

Born at Frankfort 1645; died June 26, 1715. He devoted many years to the study of medicine and philosophy at the universities of Heidelberg, Vienna, Pisa, and Padua, and graduated from the last-named in 1669. The same year he returned to his native town, where he was given permission to practise medicine, and enjoyed a high reputation among both Jews and Christians.

3. Gutman Wolf Buchsbaum:

Born 1678; died 1770; a son of Wolfgang (No. 2). He graduated from the University of Leyden in 1697, and returned to Frankfort to practise. He held a respected position in the community.

4. Lipman Buchsbaum:

Brother of Gutman Wolf (No. 3); born 1677; date of death unknown. With his brother he graduated from the University of Leyden in 1697, and returned to Frankfort to practise medicine. He also held a high position in the community. Confined for a time in the tower of Bornheim on account of false accusations brought against him, he utilized his imprisonment by writing a long treatise on medicine.

Bibliography:
  • D. Kaufmann, Ein Jahrhundert Einer Frankfurter Aerztefamilie, in Monatsschrift, xli. 128-133;
  • Horovitz, Jüd. Aerzte in Frankfurt-am-Main, pp. 33, 34;
  • Landau, Geschichte der Jüdischen Aerzte, p. 124.
D. A. R.
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