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BUOL-SCHAUENSTEIN, JOHN RUDOLPH, COUNT VON:

Austrian diplomat; born Nov. 21, 1763; died Feb. 12, 1834, in Vienna. He entered the diplomatic service, and was sent as ambassador to The Hague in 1790, to Basel in 1792, and finally to Dresden. In 1816 he was elected president of the Bundesrath which convened in Frankfort on Nov. 5 of that year, and evinced his liberalism by embracing the cause of the Patriots. At the outbreak of the riots against the Jews of Frankfort, Aug. 9 and 10, 1819, Buol summoned a conference of the members of the council, and called out the federal troops to protect the Jews, as the city militia could not be relied upon. As a result of his liberal views the count came in conflict with Metternich, and was recalled March 20, 1823.

Bibliography:
  • Allg. Deutsche Biographie, iii. 553;
  • Brockhaus, Konversations-Lexikon, iii. 743;
  • Graetz, History of the Jews, v. 530;
  • Gervinus, Geschichte des 19ten Jahrhunderts, ii. 501; vii. 134, 144.
D. A. R.
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