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CASIMIR II., THE JUST:

King of Poland; born 1138; ascended the throne on the deposition of his brother Mieczyslaw III., 1177; died 1194. He was one of the most amiable monarchs that ever ruled in Poland, a lover of peace, and a friend of the people. He protected the Jews from the oppression and extortions of the nobles, and by favorable legislation in the Diet of Leczyc, 1180, paved the way for the famous privileges granted to the Jews of Poland in 1264 by Duke Boleslaw of Kaliscz.

Bibliography:
  • Kraushar, Historya Zydów w Polsce, i 66, Warsaw, 1865;
  • Sternberg, Gesch. der Juden in Polen, p. 20, Leipsic, 1878.
H. R.
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