CARCHEMISH:(Redirected from CHARCHEMISH.)
City of northern Syria, on the Euphrates. Its importance seems to have been based on its situation at the end of the most direct route from the mouth of the Orontes to the Euphrates and to Harran. This position explains why it was the scene of the battle about 605
The city is mentioned as early as (about) 1480
The commercial importance of Carchemish is shown in the weight "maneh of Carchemish" in use at Nineveh. In Greek times it seems to have had the name "Europus"; the modern form of this name probably being "Jerabis" or "Jirbas" ("Jerablus," "Jerabolus," given by some English travelers, may be due to a confusion with the neighboring Hierapolis, south of Carchemish). The considerable ruins were first identified with Carchemish by G. Smith on his last journey (1876); formerly Circesium was often mistaken for that city. In I Esd. i. 23 the name is rendered "Carchamis"; in II Chron. xxxv. 20, A. V., "Charchemish."
- Delitzsch, Wo Lag das Paradies? pp. 265 et seq.;
- Winckler, Gesch. Babyloniens und Assyriens, pp. 189 et seq.;
- W. M. Müller, Asien und Europa, p. 263;
- Hoffmann, Auszüge aus Akten Persischer Märtyrer, pp. 161 et seq.