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CITRON, SAMUEL LÖB:

Hebrew writer of fiction and literary critic; born at Minsk, Russia, May 24, 1862. He attended the rabbinical school at Wolozhin, and made his first appearance as a Hebrew author at the age of fourteen, in the periodical "Ha-Maggid" He contributed to other Hebrew periodicals, and in 1884 translated Leon Pinsker's "Autoemancipation" from German into Hebrew, under the title "Im en ani li mi li." His works of fiction are: (1) "Asefat Sippurim," 1885, a collection of short stories translated from the German and French; (2) "Mi-Shuḳ ha-Ḥayyim" (From the Fair of Life), 1885; (3) "Abraham ben Joseph," a translation of Levanda's Russian historical novel, "Abraham Jesophovich"; and (4) "Yonah Fotah" (Foolish Dove), 1888. Of his literary and critical essays the following are the most important: (1) "Mapu and Smolensky," a critical estimate of their works; (2) "The Development of Hebrew Literature in Russia During the Nineteenth Century," in "Oẓar ha-Sifrut," vol. ii.; (3) "Ha-Sifrut we ha-Ḥayyim" (Literature and Life), in "Pardes," vols. i. and ii.; (4) "Life of Levanda," in "Aḥiasaf," 1897; and (5) "Ha-Meshorer be-Ḥayyaw ube-Moto" (The Poet Living and Dead), in "Aḥiasaf," 1900.

Bibliography:
  • Sokolov, Sefer Zikaron, p. 97, Warsaw, 1889.
H. R. A. R.
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