Minister and author; born in Elbergen, Holland, in 1835; died at Hull, England, 1880. He was educated in Holland, and went to England from Russia about 1867. He traveled extensively, visiting for scholastic purposes many parts of the world. In 1871 he removed from Leeds to Hull, and there became master of the Hebrew school, and for some years filled the post of minister to the congregation. Owing to failing health he was obliged to resign his positions in 1877. For some years previous to his death he was occupied in literary as well as scholastic pursuits; and he published translations of several books of the Bible, including "Proverbs," 1871; "The Book of Job," 1872; "Minor Prophets," 1873-80, with critical notes.
- Jewish World (London), Aug. 6, 1880;
- Hull and Lincolnshire Times, Aug., 1880;
- Jacobs and Wolf, Bibliotheca Anglo-Judaica, Nos. 1957, 1960, 1963, London, 1888.