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EPHRAIM BEN SAMSON:

Bible exegete; flourished in France in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. He was the author of "Perush 'al ha-Torah," which consists chiefly of gemaṭria and "noṭariḳon." He largely followed Eleazar of Worms. The commentary was published at Leghorn (1800), in the Pentateuch commentary "Torah Or." It would appear from a passage on Genesis (Wayeẓe) that he wrote that part at least before 1220. Parts of this commentary were utilized by Azulai in his "Naḥal Ḳedumim" (Leghorn, 1800).

Bibliography:
  • Michael, Or ha-Ḥayyim, p. 251;
  • Azulai, Shem ha-Gedolim, i. 32, Wilna, 1852;
  • Zunz, Z. G. pp. 83, 92;
  • Fürst, Bibl. Jud. i. 223;
  • Steinschneider, Jewish Literature, p. 145;
  • De Rossi, Dizionario, p. 102;
  • Fuenn, Keneset Yisrael, p. 155.
K. M. Sel.
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