Son of Nebuchadnezzar, and third ruler of the New Babylonian empire; reigned from 561 to 560
Berosus, however, says that Evil-merodach ruled "unjustly and lewdly." Possibly his treatment of the exiled king was held by the priestly, or national, party to have been unlawful; or it may be that the memory of some injury rankled in the mind of the priestly writer, or writers, of his history (Winckler, "Gesch. Babyloniens und Assyriens," p. 314). Evilmerodach was unable to counteract the danger arising from Median immigration. The party opposed to him soon succeeded in dethroning him, and he was assassinated by order of Neriglissar, who succeeded him.
- Tiele, Babylonisch-Assyrische Gesch. ii. 457;
- Hommel, Gesch. Babyloniens und Assyriens, p. 772;
- Murdter-Delitzsch, Gesch. Babyloniens und Assyriens, p. 251;
- Grätz, Gesch. ii. 5;
- Rogers, Hist. of Bab. ii. 354, 355.