Daughter of the Cappadocian king Archelaus. Her first husband was Alexander, son of Herod I. and Mariamne. After his execution (7 B.C.) she married King Juba of Mauretania, whom she is said to have met for the first time during Cæsar's Oriental expedition, which Juba accompanied. As this marriage was not a happy one, it was dissolved, and Glaphyra returned to her father. She then met Archelaus, son of Herod the Great and Malthace, who, although married, fell in love with her, and took her to wife after having cast off his first wife, Mariamne. As Glaphyra had children by her first husband, who was stepbrother to Archelaus, this last marriage was not legal, and it met with much censure. The union was, however, of butshort duration, for Glaphyra died soon after her arrival in Judea.
Bibliography:G. H. Bl.
- Josephus, Ant. xvi. 1, § 2; xvii. 13, §§ 1 et seq.;
- idem, B. J. ii. 7, § 4;
- Müller, Fragmenta Historicorum Græcorum, p. 466;
- C. I. A. III. i., No. 549;
- Schürer, Gesch. 3d ed., i. 451 et seq.;
- Brann, Die Söhne des Herodes, Breslau, 1873;
- Grätz, Gesch. 4th ed., iii., passim.