French priest and Christian apologist; born at Etampes 1717; died 1803. He wrote, besides various apologetic works, "Lettres de Quelques Juifs Portugais, Allemands et Polonais, à M. de Voltaire," Paris, 1769, often reprinted and translated into English and other languages. The letters are a defense of the Bible, not of Judaism.
- La Grande Encyclopédie;
- Grätz, Gesch. xi. 60.