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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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HAMMON:

  • 1. A place in the territory of Asher, mentioned in Josh. xix. 28, between Rehob and Kanah. It is believed that the ruins now called "Ummel-'Amud" (or "'Awamid") occupy its site.
  • 2. A city allotted to the Levites out of the tribe of Naphtali, and assigned with its suburbs to the descendants of Gershom (I Chron. vi. 61 [A. V. 76]). B. P.
  • 3 . Name of a deity () mentioned in two Phenician inscriptions dedicated to "El-Ḥammon" and discovered by Ernest Renan in the ruins of Hammon, the modern Umm al-'Awamid, between Tyre and Acre. One of these inscriptions is dated 221 B.C., under the government of Ptolemy III. The Biblical place-names were possibly connected with the name of this deity.
Bibliography:
  • For No. 3, C. I. S. i. (text) 33;
  • G. Hoffmann, Ueber Einige Phön. Inschriften, in Abhandlungen der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, xxxvi. 21;
  • Baethgen, Beiträge zur Semitischen Religions-Gesch. p. 27.
E. G. H. M. Sc.
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