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IBN VERGA, JOSEPH:

Turkish rabbi and historian; lived at Adrianople at the beginning of the sixteenth century; son of Solomon ibn Verga, author of "Shebeṭ Yehudah," who emigrated from Spain to Turkey as a Marano. Joseph was a pupil of Joseph Fasi, a contemporary of Tam ibn Yaḥya and of the physician Moses Hamon, and belonged to the college of rabbis of Adrianople. He completed his father's work by adding a record of some of the events of his own time and of the age immediately preceding. He knew Latin, and incorporated in the "Shebeṭ Yehudah" some narratives which he translated from what he calls the "Christian language." He also added a supplication ("teḥinnah") written by himself.

Joseph was the author of "She'erit Yosef" (Adrianople, 1554), a methodology of the Talmud, giving the rules that are wanting in the "Halikot 'Olam" of Joshua ha-Levi and in the "Sefer Keritut" of Samson of Chinon. Wolf ("Bibl. Hebr." i., No. 880) attributes this book to another Joseph ibn Verga, who lived at Avlona.

Bibliography:
  • Conforte, Ḳore ha-Dorot, p. 34a;
  • Azulai, Shem ha-Gedolim, i. 39;
  • Grätz. Gesch. 3d ed., ix. 321, 323, 324;
  • Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. col. 1538;
  • Fürst, Bibl. Jud. iii. 473.
G. M. Sel.
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