A special academic course for Protestant theologians who desire to prepare themselves for missionary work among Jews. The first of its kind was founded at the University of Halle, by Professor Callenberg in 1724. The great interest which Franz Delitzsch took in the conversion of the Jews to Christianity prompted him to establish a similar course at the University of Leipsic in 1886, and another was founded by Prof. H. L.Strack in Berlin the same year. The institutes of Leipsic and Berlin have courses in New Testament theology with reference to the Messianic passages in the Old Testament, and they also give instruction in rabbinic literature; they further publish works helpful to their cause, as biographies of famous converts, controversial pamphlets, autobiographies of converted Jews, and occasionally scientific tracts. The Berlin institute has published Strack's "Introduction to the Talmud," his editions of some tractates of the Mishnah, and a monograph on the blood accusation. A special feature of its publications is the New Testament in Hebrew and Yiddish translations. The present head of the Leipsic Institutum Judaicum is Professor Dalman, who is assisted in his literary work by a Jew, J. J. Kahan (see
- Herzog-Hauck, Real-Encyc. s. v. Mission Unter den Juden;
- the periodicals Nathanael (Berlin) and Saat auf Hoffnung (Leipsic), and the publications of the two institutes.