Capital of the province of Jaen in Andalusia, Spain. It possessed a flourishing Jewish community as early as the thirteenth century. In 1391 many of its members were either killed or forced to accept baptism. A still heavier blow fell upon the Jews of Cordova and the Maranos of Jaen in March, 1473. The Connetabe Miguele Lucas de Iranzo, who tried to protect the Maranos, had to seek refuge, and was speared to death in a church by the infuriated populace, who then fell upon the Maranos and Jews, plundering and killing them. The massacre at Jaen was even more terrible than that at Cordova.
- Rios, Hist. ii. 362, iii. 159 et seq.