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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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JOBAB:

  • 1. Son of Joktan the Shemite (Gen. x. 29; I Chron. i. 23).
  • 2. Son of Zerah of Bozrah; second king of Edom (Gen. xxxvi. 33, 34; I Chron. i. 44-45). In the Greek version of the Book of Job, at the end, there is the following addition: "This man is described in the Syriac book as living in the land of Ausis, on the borders of Idumæa and Arabia; and his name before was Jobab; and he, having taken an Arabian wife, begot a son whose name was Ennon. And he himself was the son of Zare, who was one of the sons of Esau, and Bosorrha; so that he was the fifth in descent from Abraham. And these were the kings who reigned in Edom, which country he also ruled over: first Balak, the son of Beor, and the name of his city was Dennaba; and after Balak Jobab," etc. From this it has been supposed that this Jobab was identical with Job.
  • 3. Canaanitish king of Madon (LXX. "Maron"), whose aid Jabin, King of Hazor, invoked in the struggle with the Israelites (Josh. xi. 1).
  • 4. Son of Shaharaim by his wife Hodesh (LXX. "Ada"); of the tribe of Benjamin, although apparently born in Moab (I Chron. viii. 8-9). In the Septuagint this Jobab is called "Jolab."
  • 5. A Benjamite, son of Elpaal (I Chron. viii. 18).E. G. H. B. P.
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