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JUDD, MAX (originally Maximilian Judkiewich):

American manufacturer, consul-general, and chess-player; born Dec. 27, 1851, at Cracow, Austria; emigrated to the United States when eleven years old. From 1864 to 1867 he lived in Washington, D. C., and, on becoming an American citizen, was granted permission by an act of Congress to assume his present name. Since 1873 he has resided in St. Louis, Mo. From 1874 to 1893 he was engaged in business as a wholesale cloak-manufacturer, and in the latter year was appointed by President Cleveland United States consul-general at Vienna, which post he held for more than four years.

Judd has been very active in the American chess world. He won fourth prize at the Michigan state tournament of 1869; first prize at the Ohio state tournament held at Cincinnati in 1872; and second prize at the centennial tourney at Philadelphia in 1876. He lost a match with McKenzie, champion of the United States, by 5 to 7 in 1883; won one with Showalter by 7 to 3 in 1889; and gained first prize at the Western Chess Congress held in Chicago in 1903.

Though Judd was never pitted against Steinitz or Zukertort in set matches, he played a large number of games with those masters, winning a majority; and a game which he won from Blackburne (New York, 1889) has been published as a specimen of fine play ("Examples of Chess Master-Play," transl. from the German of Jean Dubresne by C. T. Blanshard, New Barnet, 1893).

A. A. P.
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