JUDENSTÄTTIGKEIT ("Jews' settlement" or "Jews' establishment"):
By: Gotthard Deutsch
Archaic technical term for the legal status of a Jewish community, and as such identical with the more frequent term "Judenschutz." It seems to have been used only at Frankfort-on-the-Main and Worms. The first edition of the Frankfort "Judenstättigkeit" was printed as a means of political agitation by the Frankfort gilds in 1613. The next authorized edition, identical with the first, was printed by the Frankfort senate in the following year. This law, however, was superseded, through the events connected with the Fettmilch riot, by one issued by Emperor Mathias (1617) and confirmed by Emperors Leopold (1661) and Joseph I. (1705). Both are included in Schudt's "Jüdische Merckwürdigkeiten." A new "Stättigkeit," issued by Prince Dalberg in 1807, was abrogated in 1811, when the Jews received full rights of citizenship.
- Schudt, Jüdische Merckwürdigkeiten, iii. 119 et seq., 156 et seq.;
- Grätz, Gesch. 3d ed., x. 29;
- Jost, Neuere Gesch. i. 24 et seq., Berlin, 1845.