JUTRZENKA ("The Dawn"):
Jewish weekly published at Warsaw in the Polish language. Its first number appeared July 5, 1861; and the paper continued to be issued until Oct. 23, 1863. Among its principal contributors were Ludwig Gumplowicz and Alexander Kraushar. The former published in it his "Prawodawstwo Polskie," etc., on Polish legislation concerning the Jews; Kraushar contributed poems on Jewish life and articles on the history of the Jews of Poland; and I. Rosenblatt wrote on slavery according to Roman and Mosaic law. Of its Christian contributors may be mentioned Mikulski and the poet Adam Maszewski. The discontinuance of the publication was due to the fatal end of the Polish insurrection.