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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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BUENA ESPÉRANZA, LA – Title of a Jewish weekly, published in Judæo-Spanish and in rabbinic characters at Smyrna since 1874. It first appeared under the name "La Esperanza." Aaron de Joseph Ḥazan has been its editor from the beginning.G. M....
BUENO (BONUS) – Family of Spanish origin, members of which, including many physicians and scholars, have settled in southern France, Italy, Holland, England, and America, as well as in the Orient.Abraham Bueno: Physician in Amsterdam, where he...
BUENOS AYRES – See South America.
BUFFALO – A name common to different species of Bovidœ. The best known is the Bubalus buffelus, or Bos bubalus, generally called in Eastern countries jamoos or chamoosh, a word of Persian origin, meaning "ram-cow." From India, its native...
BUFFALO – The second city in New York state. Its first connection with the history of the Jews occurred in 1825, when Mordecai M. Noah laid the corner-stone of his projected city of Ararat in one of its churches.Though a flourishing city...
BUK – Town in Prussia, province of Posen, which, after the second partition of Poland, in 1793, passed under Prussian rule. Jews then began to settle in the place, which, as an old episcopal town, had hitherto excluded them. By 1820...
BUKKI – 1. Son of Jogli, prince of the tribe of Dan, who represented his tribe in the division of the land (Num. xxxiv. 22). 2. Son of Abishua' and father of Uzzi, a priest, the fourth in line from Aaron (I Chron. v. 31), and ancestor...
BUKOWINA – An eastern province of the Austro-Hungarian Empire for the history of which see Czernowitz.
BUL – The name of the month in which the building of Solomon's Temple was completed, as mentioned in I Kings vi. 38. It would seem that at the time of the writing of that passage the name was obsolete; for the writer found it...
BULAH, RAPHAEL MOSES BEN JOSEPH DE – Palestinian Talmudist and rabbi; died at Jerusalem March 23, 1773, where he had been rabbi, and had conducted a Talmudic school. He wrote the "Geṭ Mekushshar" on the divorce laws, Constantinople, 1767; "Ḥayye 'Olam" (Eternal...
BULAH, SOLOMON BEN RAPHAEL MOSES DE – Turkish Talmudist; born at Jerusalem, where his father, Raphael Moses ben Joseph de Bulah, was rabbi; died 1786 at Salonica. Solomon settled at Salonica. He was the author of "Leḥem Shelomoh" (The Bread of Solomon), a halakic...
BULAN – King of the Chazars, who in 620 embraced Judaism. Joseph, "Chaghan" (king) of the Chazars, in answer to a letter from Ḥasdai ibn Shaprut (960), informs him that 340 years earlier one of his ancestors, Bulan, became ruler of the...
BULAT (V03p425001.jpg), ABRAHAM IBN – Talmudic scholar; lived in Spain in the fifteenth century. He was the disciple of Isaac de Leon, and in a vigorous dispute of the latter with Isaac Gayyal concerning a halakic decision, Balat took the part of his master and...
BULAT (V03p425002.jpg), JUDAH BEN JOSEPH IBN – Spanish Talmudist and rabbi; born at the end of the fifteenth century at Estella, Navarre; died probably at Constantinople about 1550. He was the author of "Kelal Ḳaẓer mi-Kol ha-Rashum Beketab" (Short Abstract of All That Has...
BULGARIA – Early Jewish settlements. Principality of southeastern Europe, under the suzerainty of Turkey. According to Josephus ("Ant." xxii.) and Belloguet ("Les Cimérieux," p. 24) the Jews knew of Mœsia (old name for the Balkan...
BULL – See Ox.
BULL WORSHIP AMONG ANCIENT HEBREWS – See Calf, Golden.
BULLOCK – See Cattle.
BULLS, PAPAL, CONCERNING JEWS – See Popes.
BULRUSH – A rush or reed. The term "bulrush" in the Bible occurs once as a translation for "agmon" (Isa. lviii. 5) and twice for "gome" (Ex. ii. 3; Isa. xviii. 15). Both of these words occur elsewhere in the Bible, where they are...
BULWARK – See War.
BUN – As a personal prenomen this name is a dialectic abridgment of "Abun" ("Abin," "Rabin"; see Jastrow, "Dictionary," 147a; compare Pesiḳ, xxx. 192b; Yer. Ḥag. i. 76c; Yer. Suk. v. 55d), and appears exclusively in Palestinian...
BUNNEY, EDMUND – English preacher and Hebrew scholar; born at Vache, near Chalfont, St. Giles, Buckinghamshire, in 1540; died at Carwood, Yorkshire, Feb. 26, 1618 or 1619. He was made prebendary of Oxgate, St. Paul's, London, in 1564; and in...
BUNZLAU – See Jung-Bunzlau.
BUNZLAU (BUMSLO), MEÏR BEN EPHRAIM FISHEL – Bohemian rabbi and Talmudist; born at Bunzlau (Jewish-German, "Bumslo"); died Nov. 23, 1770, at Prague, where he had been for forty years "rosh bet din" and director of a Talmudic academy. His works were never published, since...