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FRANKEL, ZECHARIAS – German theologian; born at Prague Sept. 30, 1801; died at Breslau Feb. 13, 1875. Frankel was the founder and the most eminent member of the school of historical Judaism, which advocates freedom of research, while in practical...
FRANKENBERG, ABRAHAM VON – German mystic of the seventeenth century; friend and correspondent of Manasseh ben Israel. He was a nobleman and the most influential personage in the district of Oels in Silesia. A disciple of Jacob Böhme, he said: "The true...
FRANKENBURGER, WOLF – German deputy; born at Obbach, Bavaria, June 8, 1827; died at Nuremberg July 18, 1889. While a student at Würzburg he took part in the political agitation of 1848, and soon obtained a reputation as a public speaker and a friend...
FRANKENHEIM, MORITZ LUDWIG – German physicist; born in Brunswick June 29, 1801; died in Dresden Jan. 14, 1869; educated at the gymnasia of Wolfenbüttel and Braunschweig, and the Berlin University (Ph. D. 1823). He was privat-docent at the Berlin University...
FRANKENTHAL, ADOLPH L. – United States consul at Bern, Switzerland; born July 1, 1851, at Lübeck, Germany. Frankenthal was educated at the public and high schools of his native town, and received instruction in Hebrew from the local rabbi. When fifteen...
FRANKFORT-ON-THE-MAIN – In the Thirteenth Century. City in the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau, Germany. The date of the organization of its Jewish community is uncertain. Probably no Jews were living in Frankfort at the time of the first and second...
FRANKFORT-ON-THE-ODER – Chief town of a district of the same name in the Prussian province of Brandenburg, and situated on the left bank of the River Oder. It is very likely that the fairs held in the city drew a number of Jews there at an early date....
FRANKFURT, AKIBA B. JACOB – German preacher and author; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main 1597. He was the son-in-law of R. Simeon Guenzburg of Frankfort, with whose congregation he was associated as preacher, and by whose name he came to be known. Frankfurt...
FRANKFURTER, BERNHARD – German teacher and writer; son of Rabbi Moses Frankfurter; born at Herdorf March 15, 1801; died Aug. 13, 1867. In 1822 he became a teacher in the Israelitischer Volksschule at Nordstetten, Württemberg. Among his pupils was...
FRANKFURTER, JUDAH LÖW B. SIMON – See Judah Löb b. Simon.
FRANKFURTER, MOSES BEN SIMON – Dayyan and printer of Amsterdam; born 1672; died 1762. It appears from his epitaph (Mælder, "Jets over de Bergraafplaatsen," p. 15) that Frankfurter assumed in his old age the name of "Aaron." In 1720 he established a...
FRANKFURTER, NAPHTALI – German preacher; brother of Bernhard Frankfurter; born at Oberdorf Feb. 13, 1810; died April 13, 1866; studied at the universities of Heidelberg and Tübingen, graduating (Ph.D.) in 1833. For a time acting rabbi at...
FRANKFURTER, SIMON BEN ISRAEL – Dutch rabbinical scholar; father of Moses Frank, furter; born at Schwerin, Germany; died at Amsterdam Dec. 9, 1712. He was the author of a work in two parts, containing the rites and prayers for the use of the sick and the...
FRANKFURTER, SOLOMON – Austrian librarian and archeologist; born at Presburg, Hungary, Nov. 9, 1856. He studied at Vienna (Ph.D., 1883) and Berlin, devoting himself especially to philological, historical, and archeological studies. In Berlin he...
FRANKINCENSE – Frankincense was not indigenous to Palestine—the assumption that the tree from which it is derived was at home in the Lebanon Mountains rests merely on the similarity of the name ("lebanon" = λίβανος)— though gardens for the...
FRANKISTS – See Frank, Jacob.
FRANKL, LOTHAR AMADEUS, RITTER VON HOCHWART – Austrian neuropathist; born at Vienna June 12, 1862; son of Ludwig August Frankl; educated at the Schottengymnasium and at the university of his native town, graduating as doctor of medicine in 1886. Until 1888 Frankl was...