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HEXATEUCH – The first six books of the Bible; the Pentateuch taken together with the Book of Joshua as one originally connected work. Two reasons are given for this connection. On the assumption that it was the intention of the historian to...
HEYDEMANN, HEINRICH – German archeologist; born at Greifswald Aug. 28, 1842; died at Halle Oct. 10, 1889; studied classical philology and archeology at the universities of Tübingen, Bonn, Greifswald, and Berlin, graduating from the last-named in...
HEYDENFELDT, SOLOMON – American jurist; born in Charleston, S. C., 1816; died at San Francisco Sept. 15, 1890. When twenty-one years old he left South Carolina for Alabama, where he was admitted to the bar and practised law for a number of years in...
HEYMAN, ELIAS – Swedish physician; born at Göteborg in 1829; died in 1889. He studied medicine at Lund and at the Karolinska Institut, Stockholm. Heyman practised medicine at Göteborg from 1862 to 1878. He was one of the originators of the...
HEYMANN, ISAAC H. – Dutch cantor and composer; born about 1834; son of Phinchas Heymann. After having made several tours through Hungary, Heymann was cantor successively at Filehne, Graudenz, and Gnesen. In 1856 he went to Amsterdam as chief...
HEYMANN, KARL – German pianist; born at Filehne, Posen, Oct. 6, 1853; son of Isaac H. Heymann. He received his early musical education at the Cologne Conservatorium, where he was a pupil of Hiller, Gernsheim, and Breuning, and later studied at...
HEYMANN, PAUL – German laryngoscopist; born at Pankow, near Berlin, 1849; studied medicine at Berlin and Heidelberg (M.D., Berlin, 1874). After taking a postgraduate course at Heidelberg, Vienna, Prague, and Tübingen, he in 1878 established...
HEZEKIAH – 1. King of Judah (726-697 B.C.).—Biblical Data: Son of Ahaz and Abi or Abijah; ascended the throne at the age of twenty-five and reigned twenty-nine years (II Kings xviii. 1-2; II Chron. xxix. 1). Hezekiah was the opposite of...
HEZEKIAH (Gaon) – Principal of the academy at Pumbedita (1038-40). A member of an exilarchal family, he was elected to the office of principal after the murder of Hai Gaon, but was denounced to the fanatical government, imprisoned, and tortured...
HEZEKIAH (the Zealot) – A martyr whom some scholars identify with Hezekiah ben Garon of the Talmud (Shab. 12a, 13b, 98b, 99a). He fought for Jewish freedom and the supremacy of the Jewish law at the time when Herod was governor of Galilee (47 B.C.)....
HEZEKIAH BEN JACOB – German rabbi and tosafist; martyred at Bacharach in 1283. He was an uncle and teacher of Meïr of Rothenburg and a pupil of Abraham Hladik, the Bohemian Talmudist. He succeeded his father in the rabbinate of Magdeburg; but, as a...
HEZEKIAH BEN MANOAH – French exegete of the thirteenth century. In memory of his father, who lost his right hand through his stead-fastness in the faith, Hezekiah wrote (about 1240) a cabalistic commentary on the Pentateuch, under the title...
HEZEKIAH BEN PARNAK – Palestinian amora; lived at the end of the third century. The only mention of him is in Berakot 63a, in connection with the transmission of Johanan bar Nappaḥa's exegetical explanation of the fact that the section concerning the...
HEZEKIAH ROMAN BEN ISAAC IBN PAḲUDA – Turkish scholar; flourished at Constantinople in 1600. He was the author of "Zikron ha-Sefarim," a catalogue of all the grammatical works written from the time of Judah Ḥayyuj to the time of the author, reproduced by Wolf in...
HEZEKIAH SEFARDI – See Poland.
HEZIR – 1. A priest, chief of the seventeenth monthly course in the service; appointed by David (I Chron. xxiv. 15). 2. A layman, one of the heads of the people, who signed the covenant with Nehemiah (Neh. x. 20).E. G. H. M....
HEZRO – A native of Carmel, one of David's heroes (II Sam. xxiii. 35, R. V.; I Chron. xi. 37). The "ḳeri," however, in the former place is "Hezrai" ( ), which, according to Kennicott ("Dissertation," pp. 207-208), is the original form...
HEZRON – 1. Son of Reuben and founder of the family of the Hezronites (Gen. xlvi. 9; Ex. vi. 14; Num. xxvi. 6). 2. Son of Pharez and grandson of Judah, who was the direct ancestor of David (Gen. xlvi. 12; Ruth iv. 18). He had by his...
HIBAT ALLAH ABU AL-BARAKAT B. 'ALI B. MALKA (MALKAN) AL-BALADI – Arabian physician of the twelfth century; born in Bassora. He went to Bagdad in order to study medicine under the physician Sa'id b. Hibat Allah; and as the latter did not admit Jews or Christians to his lectures, Abu al-Barakat...
ḤIBBUṬ HA-ḲEBER – One of the seven modes of judgment or of punishment man undergoes after death, as described in the treatise "Ḥibbuṭ ha-Ḳeber," also known as "Midrash R. Yiẓḥaḳ b. Parnak." According to a description given by R. Eliezer (1st...
HIDDEKEL – See Tigris.
ḤIDDUSHIM – Technical name of a certain class of commentaries, consisting of a number of single, "new" remarks, additions, and explanations in connection with a text and its earlier commentaries. The ḥiddushim commentaries differ from the...
ḤIDḲA – Tanna of the middle of the second century. He is quoted only in the Baraita, and is best known for the halakah (Shab. 117b) fixing the number of meals on the Sabbath as four. There is also an interesting haggadic saying by him....
HIEL – A Bethelite who rebuilt Jericho in the reign of Ahab (I Kings xvi. 34). The curse pronounced by Joshua (vi. 26) was fulfilled in Hiel, namely: "He laid the foundation thereof in Abiram his first-born, and set up the gates...
HIERAPOLIS – City in Phrygia, Asia Minor; mentioned in Col. iv. 13 together with the neighboring Laodicea. It was a prosperous city during the Roman period, largely on account of its medicinal springs. A community of Jews lived there during...