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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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HIEREI – Term used to denote the priests( ) in the constitution of the Jewish community in Rome. Even so late as the fourth century of the common era they had a distinct position in the religious life of the community, and ranked higher...
HIERONYMUS – See Jerome.
HIGH PLACE – Etymology of "Bamah." A raised space primitively on a natural, later also on an artificial, elevation devoted to and equipped for the sacrificial cult of a deity. The term occurs also in the Assyrian ("bamati"; see Friedrich...
HIGH PRIEST – Biblical Data: Aaron, though he is but rarely called "the great priest," being generally simply designated "as ha- kohen" (the priest), was the first incumbent of the office, to which he was appointed by God (Ex. xxviii. 1, 2;...
HILARY, THE BISHOP – See Arles.
HILBERG, ISIDOR – Austrian philologist; born May 28, 1852, at Byelaya Tzerkov, Ukraine, Russia. In 1856 he went with his parents to Vienna, where he received his early education. Subsequently he studied classical philology at the University of...
HILDESHEIM – Town in the Prussian province of Hanover. At what time Jews were first admitted to this old episcopal city is uncertain. In a document of Jan. 7, 1347, mention is made of the taxes to be paid by the Jews. The bishops of...
HILDESHEIMER, ISRAEL (AZRIEL) – German rabbi, and leader of Orthodox Judaism; born at Halberstadt May 20, 1820; died at Berlin July 12, 1899; son of R. Löb Glee Hildesheimer. He attended the "Hasharat-Ẓewi" school in Halberstadt, and, after reaching the age of...
HILDESHEIMER, SAMUEL BEN JOSEPH – Rabbi at Frankfort-on-the-Main (1618-22). He reorganized the Jewish congregation, whose administration, in consequence of the Fettmilch agitation, was disrupted. Upon his proposition seven representatives, chosen from among the...
ḤILFA – See Ḥalafta.
HILKIAH – 1. High priest in the reign of Josiah (II Kings xxii. 4 et seq.). It is probable that he was the Hilkiah ben Shallum who figures in the genealogy of high priests in I Chron. v. 39 (A. V. vi. 13), and that he was, consequently,...
HILLAH – See Meïr.
HILLEL – Doctor of the Law at Jerusalem in the time of King Herod; founder of the school called after him, and ancestor of the patriarchs who stood at the head of Palestinian Judaism till about the fifth century of the common era. Hillel...
HILLEL II. – Patriarch (330-365); son and successor of Judah III. Only in two instances is his name quoted in connection with halakot: in one, Jose b. Abin expounds to him a law; in the other, Hillel cites a mishnah to establish a law (Yer....
HILLEL B. BERECHIAH (JEBERECHIAH) – Palestinian haggadist. He is cited only once under this name, and then as author of an interpretation which elsewhere is attributed to another (Lam. R. i. 5; comp. Sanh. 104b). He is identical with Alai or Ilaa b. Berechiah,...
HILLEL BEN ELIAKIM – Greek Talmudist of the eleventh and twelfth centuries. He was a pupil of Rashi, and is mentioned by Mordecai b. Hillel (Haggahot on Giṭ. No. 466). Hillel wrote a commentary to Sifra in which he often quotes Rashi and Isaac b....