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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ISRAEL SAMUEL BEN SOLOMON – Polish Talmudic and halakic author of . About 1620 he lived in Cracow. His father, a physician, was of Spanish origin. Israel wrote, about 1624: (1) A compendium of the "dinim" contained in the four parts of the Shulḥan 'Aruk,...
ISRAEL BEN SHABBETHAI OF KOZIENICE – Hasidic rabbi, cabalist, and thaumaturge; born at Kozienice, government of Radom, Russian Poland, about 1745; died in 1815. Israel was successively a pupil of Baer of Meseritz, Samuel Shmelka Hurwitz, and Elimelech of Lezaysk....
ISRAEL BEN URI SHRAGA – German tosafist of the thirteenth century; died before 1298. Little is known of his life or of his family. He was a pupil of the tosafist Samuel of Bamberg, and, about 1250, was called to succeed his teacher as rabbi of Bamberg....
ISRAEL OF VALABREGUE – French Talmudist of the first half of the fourteenth century. He lived apparently at Tarascon, and was among the small number of Jews that remained in France after the expulsion in 1306. Israel was a pupil of Immanuel of...
ISRAELI, ISAAC BEN JOSEPH (the Younger) – Spanish astronomer; flourished at Toledo in the first half of the fourteenth century. He was a pupil of Asher ben Jehiel, at whose request (in 1310) he wrote the astronomical work "Yesod 'Olam," the best contribution on that...
ISRAELI, ISAAC BEN SOLOMON (ABU YA'ḲUB ISḤAḲ IBN SULAIMAN ALISRA'ILI) – African physician and philosopher; born in Egypt before 832; died at Kairwan, Tunis, in 932. These dates are given by most of the Arabic authorities; but Abraham b. Ḥasdai, quoting the biographer Sanaḥ ibn Sa'id al-Ḳurṭubi...
ISRAELI, ISRAEL – Spanish scholar; died at Toledo 1326; probably identical with Israel ben Joseph of Toledo, brother of the astronomer Isaac Israeli. He was a pupil of Asheri, for whom he translated from the Arabic the ordinances ("taḳḳanot") of...