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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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JACOB B. SAMUEL SIRKES – See Sirkes, Joel b. Samuel.
JACOB BEN SHESHET GERONDI – Spanish cabalist of Gerona (whence his surname "Gerondi") in the thirteenth century. He was the author of "Sha'ar ha-Shamayim," a cabalistic essay published by M. Mortara in "Oẓar Neḥmad" (iii. 153 et seq.), and of "Meshib...
JACOB BEN SOLOMON – French tosafist; born at Courson, department of the Yonne; flourished between 1180 and 1250. He was a pupil of Samson of Sens and, apparently, teacher of Meïr of Rothenburg (Meïr of Rothenburg, Responsa, ed. Cremona, No. 144)....
JACOB BEN SOSA – Idumean leader. In the great war against Rome, 67-70, when Simon bar Giora went on a raid through Idumæa to take provisions, the Idumeans gathered together to defend their country, and then 20,000 of them went to Jerusalem. One...
JACOB TEMERLS – See Temerls, Jacob.
JACOB TUB (TAWUS) – See Tawus.
JACOB UZIEL – See Uziel, Jacob.
JACOB OF VIENNA – Austrian rabbi and Biblical commentator of the fourteenth century. The Munich MSS. (Hebrew) contain a commentary on the Pentateuch written by "Jacob of Vienna" (No. 27, 2) and mention a certain "Jacob of Austria" (No. 402). Zunz...
JACOB (B. JUDAH) WEIL – See Weil, Jacob.
JACOB BEN WOLF KRANZ OF DUBNO (DUBNER MAGGID) – Russian preacher; born at Zietil, government of Wilna, about 1740; died at Zamosc Dec. 18, 1804. At the age of eighteen he went to Meseritz (Mezhirechye), where he occupied the position of preacher. He stayed there for two...
JACOB B. YAḲAR – German Talmudist; flourished in the first half of the eleventh century. He was a pupil of Gershom b. Judah in Mayence, and is especially known as the teacher of Rashi, who characterizes him as "mori ha-zaḳen."Jacob was one of...
JACOB BEN ZABDA – Palestinian amora of the fourth generation (4th cent.); junior contemporary, and probably pupil, of Abbahu, in whose name he repeats several halakic decisions and homileticremarks (Yer. Dem. 23c; Pes. 29d; Pesiḳ, 75b; Sheb. iv....
JACOBI, ABRAHAM – American physician; born at Hartum, near Minden, Westphalia, May 6, 1830; educated at the universities of Greifswald, Göttingen, and Bonn (M.D., 1851). Identified with the revolutionary movement in Germany, he was imprisoned at...
JACOBI, HEINRICH OTTO – German philologist; born at Tütz, West Prussia, 1815; died in Berlin 1864. He studied at Berlin University, and received the honorary degree of Ph.D. from the University of Königsberg in 1854 for his profound knowledge of the...
JACOBI, KARL GUSTAV JAKOB – German mathematician; born Dec. 10, 1804, at Potsdam; died at Berlin Feb. 18, 1851; brother of Moritz Hermaun Jacobi. He studied mathematics, philosophy, and philology at the University of Berlin, and in 1824 (having embraced...
JACOBI, MORITZ HERMANN – German physicist; born Sept. 21, 1801, at Potsdam; died March 10, 1874, at St. Petersburg. He was established as architect at Königsberg when, in 1835, he was appointed professor of architecture in the University of Dorpat....
JACOBI, SAMUEL – Danish physician; born in Yaroslav, Galicia, 1764; died in Copenhagen 1811. He studied the Talmud for some years, but later devoted himself to medical studies, which he pursued at the universities of Breslau, Leipsic, and Halle,...
JACOBS, GEORGE – American rabbi of English Sephardic descent; born in Kingston, Jamaica, Sept. 24, 1834; died in Philadelphia July 14, 1884. He went to the United States in 1854 and settled in Richmond, Va., frequently officiating for the...
JACOBS, HENRY S. – American rabbi; born in Kingston, Jamaica, March 22, 1827; died in New York Sept. 12, 1893. He studied for the Jewish ministry under the Rev. N. Nathan, at Kingston, holding at the same time the position of head master in the...
JACOBS, JOSEPH – Critic, folklorist, historian, statistician, communal worker; born Aug. 29, 1854, at Sydney, N. S. W.; educated at Sydney Grammar School, Sydney and London universities, and St. John's College, Cambridge (senior moralist, 1876)....
JACOBS, JOSEPH – English conjurer; born at Canterbury 1813; died Oct. 13, 1870. He first appeared in London at Horn's Tavern, Kennington, in 1835, when he introduced the Chinese ring trick. At the Strand Theatre in 1841 he achieved a great...
JACOBS, SIMEON – Judge in the Supreme Court of the Cape of Good Hope; born in 1830; died in London June 15, 1883. He became a barrister of the Inner Temple in Nov., 1852. In 1860, in search of health, he emigrated to the Cape of Good Hope, and...
JACOBSOHN, PAUL – German physician and hygienist; born in Berlin Sept. 30, 1868; educated at the gymnasium in Berlin and the universities of Berlin and Freiburg (M.D. 1891). He settled in his native city, and from 1892 to 1894 was assistant...
JACOBSON – Danish family of engravers, of whom the first important member was Aaron Jacobson (1717-75), who, in the middle of the eighteenth century, left Hamburg and settled in Copenhagen, where (1745) he became engraver of the royal...
JACOBSON, EDUARD – German dramatist; born at Gross Strelitz, Silesia, Nov. 10, 1833 (M.D. Berlin, 1859); died in Berlin Jan. 29, 1897. He established himself as a physician in Berlin. While a student he wrote the farce "Faust und Gretchen" (1856);...