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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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JACOBSON, HEINRICH – German physician; born Oct. 27, 1826, at Königsberg, East Prussia; died Dec. 10, 1890, at Berlin; educated at the gymnasium of his native town and at the universities of Heidelberg, Berlin, Prague, and Halle, he graduated from...
JACOBSON, HEINRICH FRIEDRICH – German jurist and writer on ecclesiastical law; born at Marienwerder June 8, 1804; died at Königsberg March 19, 1868. He studied in the latter city, and at Göttingen and Berlin; became privat-docent at the University of...
JACOBSON, ISRAEL – German philanthropist and reformer; born in Halberstadt Oct. 17, 1768; died in Hanover Sept. 14, 1828. Originally his father's name was Jacob. His parents were in humble circumstances. Owing to the very low level of efficiency...
JACOBSON, LUDWIG LEWIN – Danish surgeon; born in Copenhagen Jan. 10, 1783; died there Aug. 29, 1843. He received his early education at the German Lyceum in Stockholm, Sweden, but on deciding to pursue the study of medicine removed to Copenhagen, where...
JACOBSON, NATHAN – American surgeon; born in Syracuse, N. Y., June 25, 1857. He was graduated from Syracuse University, and took a postgraduate course at the University of Vienna. He is professor of clinical surgery in the College of Medicine of...
JACOBSTHAL, JOHANN EDUARD – German architect; born at Stargard, Pomerania, Sept. 17, 1839. He studied at the architectural academy in Berlin, and, after long travels through Greece and Asia Minor, became in 1874 professor in that institution. At present...
JACOBY, JOHANN – German physician and statesman; born at Königsberg, Prussia, May 1, 1805; died there March 6, 1877. The son of a well-to-do merchant, after attending the Königsberg Collegium Fredericianum, in 1823 he entered the university in...
JACOBY, LOUIS – German engraver; born June 7, 1828, at Havelberg, Brandenburg, Germany; pupil of the engraver Mandel of Berlin, in which city he settled. The year 1855 he spent in Paris; 1856 in Spain; and the years 1860-63 in Italy, especially...
JACOPO (JACOMO) SANSECONDO – Italian musician of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries; born about 1468. Jacopo was an eminent violinist; his reputation is shown by the fact that in 1502 he played at the wedding of Lucrezia Borgia (Castiglioni, "Il...
JACQUES, HEINRICH – Austrian deputy; born in Vienna Feb. 24, 1831; shot himself Jan. 25, 1894. He studied philosophy and history at Heidelberg, and afterward jurisprudence at Vienna (Dr. Juris, 1856). After having been for five years manager of the...
JACQUES PASHA (Jacques Nissim Pasha) – Turkish army surgeon; born in 1850 at Salonica; died there Aug. 25, 1903. The son of a physician, he was sent at an early age to the school of medicine at Constantinople, from which he was graduated in 1874. In the following...
JADASSOHN, JOSEF – German physician; born at Liegnitz Sept. 10, 1863. He was educated at the universities of Göttingen, Breslau, Heidelberg, and Leipsic (M.D. Breslau, 1886). From 1887 to 1892 he was assistant physician at the dermatological...
JADASSOHN, SOLOMON – German composer and music teacher; born at Breslau, Prussia, Aug. 13, 1831; pupil at the Breslau gymnasium and of Hesse (pianoforte), Lüstner (violin), and Brosig (harmony). In 1848 he entered the Leipsic Conservatorium, which,...
JADDUA – High priest at the time of the Second Temple. According to Neh. xii. 11, his father's name was Jonathan, but according to verse 22 of the same chapter, it was Johanan. If both of these names are correct, and if Johanan was the...
JAEL, THE KENITE WOMAN – Wife of Heber, the Kenite (Judges iv. 17). Jabin, the king of Canaan, "that reigned in Hazor," had tyrannized over Israel for twenty years. Deborah and Barak aroused the northern tribes and assembled them at Mount Tabor, to...
JAEN – Capital of the province of Jaen in Andalusia, Spain. It possessed a flourishing Jewish community as early as the thirteenth century. In 1391 many of its members were either killed or forced to accept baptism. A still heavier...
JAFFA – City of Palestine and Mediterranean port, 35 miles northwest of Jerusalem. In ancient times it was Palestine's only point of communication with the Mediterranean. The cedars of Lebanon, destined for use in the construction of...
JAFFE (JOFFE) – Family of rabbis, scholars, and communal workers, with members in Germany, Austria, Russia, Great Britain, Italy, and the United States. It traces its descent from Mordecai Jaffe (1530-1612), author of the "Lebushim," and his...