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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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JEDUTHUN – The name of one of the three great orders or gilds of Temple singers, in charge of the music of the Temple from David's day down into post-exilic times. In I Chron. xvi. 41, 42 Jeduthun is mentioned along with Heman as one of...
JEHIEL ANAW – See Anaw.
JEHIEL BEN ASHER – Liturgical poet; flourished in Andalusia in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. He was the author of four liturgical poems, mentioned by Zunz ("L. G. " p. 520), and of a dirge of twenty-five strophes on the persecution of...
JEHIEL B. JEKUTHIEL ANAW – See Anaw.
JEHIEL BEN JOSEPH OF PARIS – Tosafist and controversialist; born at Meaux at the end of the twelfth century; died in Palestine in 1286. His French name was Sir Vives, and in rabbinical literature he is variously designated as Jehiel of Paris, Jehiel the...
JEHIEL MICHAEL BEN ELIEZER – Rabbi at Nemirov, Russia; murdered May, 1648. When the hordes of Chmielnicki, taking Nemirov, began the work of pillage and massacre, a Cossack concealed Jehiel, hoping that the latter would show him where the Jews had hidden...
JEHIEL MICHAEL BEN JUDAH LÖB – Rabbi of Berlin; died March, 1728. After filling the office of rabbi in several Polish communities he removed about 1701 to Berlin, where, with his brother-in-law Aaron, he was entrusted with the direction of the yeshibah...
JEHIEL MICHAEL BEN UZZIEL OF GLOGAU – Rabbinical author; died in Vienna 1730. He was well versed in the Midrashim, and was the author of "Nezer ha-Ḳodesh," an extensive commentary on Midrash Rabbah, a part of which, namely, on the first section of Genesis, was...
JEHIEL OF PISA – Philanthropist and scholar of Pisa; died there Feb. 10, 1492. The wealth he had acquired in the banking business he spent liberally for charitable purposes. Himself a scholar, he extended his protection to Jewish learning....
JEHOAHAZ – 1. Son of Jehu; second king in the fifth dynasty of northern Israel; reigned 814-797 B.C. During the period of his rule Syria under Hazael and Ben-hadad became particularly aggressive (II Kings xiii. 1-9, 22); Israel's army was...
JEHOASH – See Joash.
JEHOIACHIN – Biblical Data: King of Judah; son and successor of Jehoiakim (II Kings xxiv. 6); reigned a little over three months. He was scarcely on the throne when Jerusalem was besieged by Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon. Unable to resist,...
JEHOIADA – High priest under Ahaziah, Athaliah, and Jehoash (Joash). By his marriage with the princess Jehosheba or Jehoshabeath, daughter of Jehoram, he became the brother-in-law of Ahaziah (II Chron. xxii. 11). After the death of Ahaziah...
JEHOIAKIM – Biblical Data: King of Judah (608-597 B.C.); eldest son of Josiah, and brother and successor of Jehoahaz (Shallum), whom Pharaohnecho had deposed. When placed on the throne, his name, originally "Eliakim," was changed to...
JEHONADAB (JONADAB) – Son of Rechab, a Kenite (I Chron. ii. 55), the founder of the so-called Rechabites (I Chron. ii. 55; Jer. xxxv. 6-7). The English versions transliterate everywhere in Jeremiah "Jonadab," although the Masoretic text reads thus in...
JEHORAM (JORAM) – 1. King of Israel (852-842 B.C.); son of Ahab and Jezebel; brother and successor of Ahaziah. Like his predecessors, Jehoram worshiped Baal. With Jehoshaphat and the King of Edom, Jehoram attacked Mesha, King of Moab. In the war...
JEHOSHABEATH – Daughter of Jehoram, King of Judah, and wife of the high priest Jehoiada, together with whom she saved her brother's son Joash from Athaliah (II Kings xi. 2; II Chron. xxii. 11).E. G. H. B. P.
JEHOSHAPHAT – Son of Asa; fourth king of Judah (873-c. 849 B.C.); contemporary of Ahab, Ahaziah, and Jehoram, kings of Israel. He inaugurated a policy which was contrary to that pursued by his predecessors, by recognizing the conditions...