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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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JOSEPH BEN SAMUEL IBN REY – Italian rabbi; died prematurely in Venice April 2, 1608. His epitaph (Wolf, "Bibl. Hebr." iv. 1213) leaves it to be supposed that his surname was an equivalent for "son of a king." Wolf, however (ib.), spells it (= "Dei"). He...
JOSEPH SHALLIṬ BEN ELIEZER RICHETTI (RIQUETI) – Italian scholar; born at Safed, Palestine; lived in the second half of the seventeenth century at Verona, where he directed a Talmudical school. He was the author of "Ḥokmat ha-Mishkan" or "Iggeret Meleket ha-Mishkan" (Mantua,...
JOSEPH BEN SHESHET LATIMI – Spanish liturgical poet; lived at Lerida in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. In 1308 he wrote a prayer entitled "Elef Alfin" (comp. Dan. vii. 10), consisting of one thousand words, each word beginning with the letter א,...
JOSEPH BEN SOLOMON (JOSEPH DARSHAN OF POSEN) – German preacher; born at Posen in 1601; died there in 1696. When a youth Joseph studied at Byelaya Tzerkov, Russia, where he seems to have settled, for in 1648 he was an eyewitness of the Chmielnicki massacres. Joseph succeeded...
JOSEPH BEN SOLOMON OF CARCASSONNE – French liturgical poet of the eleventh century. He wrote a Ḥanukkah "yoẓer" beginning "Odeka ki anafta," which is mentioned by Rashi in his commentary on Ezek. xxi. 18. Joseph took the material for this yoẓer from various...
JOSEPH SOLOMON DELMEDIGO – See Delmedigo, Joseph Solomon.
JOSEPH TAITAZAK – See Taitazak, Joseph.
JOSEPH ṬOB ELEM – See Bonfils, Joseph b. Samuel.
JOSEPH BEN TOBIAH – Farmer of the Egyptian royal revenues from about 220 to 198 B.C.; nephew, on his mother's side, of the high priest Onias II.; founder of the Tobiade family, which held an important place in the politics of Judea until the...
JOSEPH BEN URI SHERAGA – Russian liturgist of the seventeenth century; born in Kobrin, government of Grodno. He was the author of "Ma'arakah Ḥadashah" (Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1699), containing three seliḥot in commemoration of the persecutions of the...
JOSEPH BEN UZZIEL – Supposed author of a cabalistic work which is often quoted by Recanati, in his commentary on the Pentateuch, under the title of "Baraita de-R. Yosef b. 'Uzziel," which is entitled "Mishnat Yosef b. 'Uzziel" in Neubauer, "Cat....
JOSEPH ZABARA (Joseph ben Meïr Zabara) – Spanish physician, satirist, and poet of the beginning of the thirteenth century; born and died in Barcelona. He studied in Narbonne under Joseph Ḳimḥi, who twice quotes Zabara on Proverbs. The only work known to be his is the...
JOSEPH B. ZACHARIAH – Jewish general of the Maccabean period. He, together with Azariah, was left in charge of the forces when the Maccabean brothers Judah, Jonathan, and Simon were obliged to go to Gilead and Galilee for the protection of the Jews...
JOSEPH BEN ẒADDIḲ – Rabbi in Arevalo, Spain, during the fifteenth century; author of a treatise entitled "Zeker Ẓaddiḳ," on ritual matters, in fifty chapters, still in manuscript. The last chapter contains a chronicle of Jewish worthies from the...
JOSEPH ẒARFATI – Convert to Christianity and missionary to the Jews at Rome; died before 1597. He accepted Christianity in 1552, taking the name of Andrea (Filippo?) di Monti (more correctly del Monte) in honor of Julius III. He was born in Fez,...
JOSEPH (Josel) BEN ZEEB WOLF LEVI – Rabbi in Lesla during the first half of the eighteenth century. He was the author of a supercommentary on Rashi to the Pentateuch entitled "Tif'eret Yosef" (Prague, 1724); it deals with the first three books of the...
JOSEPHS, MICHAEL – English Hebraist and communal worker; born in Königsberg Oct. 8, 1763; died in London Feb. 9, 1849. He left his native town in his thirteenth year for Berlin, where he attended the Talmudical colleges and met Moses Mendelssohn....